|Type||Public (Spin out)|
|Traded as||NYSE: YUM
S&P 500 Component
|Founded||1997 as Tricon Global Restaurants, Inc.
2002 - rename
|Headquarters||Louisville, Kentucky, United States|
|Key people||David C. Novak
(Chairman, President & CEO)
|Revenue||US$12.626 Billion (2011)1|
|Operating income||US$1.815 Billion (2011)1|
|Net income||US$1.319 Billion (2011)1|
|Total assets||US$8.834 Billion (2011)1|
|Total equity||US$1.823 Billion (2011)1|
|Employees||466,000 (as of December 2011)1|
Yum! Restaurants International
Yum! Restaurants China
Yum! Restaurants India
Yum! Brands, Inc. or Yum! is a United States-based Fortune 500 corporation. Yum! operates or licenses Taco Bell, KFC, Pizza Hut, and WingStreet restaurants worldwide. Prior to 2011, Yum! also owned Long John Silver's and A&W Restaurants.
Based in Louisville, Kentucky, it is the world's largest fast food restaurant company in terms of system units—more than 39,000 restaurants around the world in over 125 countries.2 In 2011, Yum!'s global sales totaled more than US$12 billion.
Yum! was created on May 30, 1997,3 as Tricon Global Restaurants, Inc. an independent company, as a result of a spin-out of the former fast food division of PepsiCo, which owned and franchised the KFC, Pizza Hut, and Taco Bell brands worldwide. Because of the company's previous relationship with Pepsi, Yum! Brands has a lifetime contract with PepsiCo, with notable exceptions the contracts of franchisees such as HMSHost and college-operated locations with Coca-Cola which override Yum's lifetime PepsiCo contract, along with some scattered KFC franchises across the United States which continue to maintain Coke fountain rights.
In March 2002, Tricon announced the acquisition of Lexington, Kentucky-based Yorkshire Global Restaurants, owner of the Long John Silver's and A&W All-American Food chains and its intention to change the company's name to Yum! Brands, Inc. On May 16, 2002, the name change became effective after a vote during the company's annual shareholders meeting, and on June 17, 2002, Yum! executed a two-for-one stock split. Shortly afterwards, due to Yum!'s lifetime contract with Pepsi, Long John Silver's and A&W Restaurants (both of which previously served Coca-Cola) switched to Pepsi products, with A&W retaining A&W Root Beer from a separate deal with Dr Pepper Snapple Group.
In 2003, Yum! launched WingStreet as a hybrid combo unit with an existing Pizza Hut franchise.4
In January 2011, Yum! announced its intentions to divest itself of its Long John Silver's and A&W brands to focus on its core brands of KFC, Pizza Hut and Taco Bell. For the decade leading up to the company's announcement, major growth had relied on international expansion. With little presence outside North America, the two chains no longer fit in the company's long-term growth plans.5 The foreign expansion—particularly that of Taco Bell, KFC and Pizza Hut—was cited in the firm's January 18, 2011 announcement of its intention to sell the A&W and Long John Silver's chains. Both of those chains also suffered from poor sales, and had fewer locations compared to the other chains in the Yum! Brands portfolio. In September 2011, Yum! announced they had found buyers for the A&W and LJS chains. A Great American Brand LLC will buy A&W, and LJS will be acquired by LJS Partners LLC.6 Yum! Brands had originally purchased the parent company of Long John Silver's and A&W brands in 2003 for $320 million.6
In May 2011, Yum! agreed to purchase mainland Chinese hot pot chain Little Sheep for HK$4.56 billion.7 The deal spent more than 4 months in anti-trust review by the Chinese Ministry of Commerce, to determine whether or not the transaction would result in a monopolistic positioning of Yum! in the country's restaurant industry. The Ministry approved the deal in November 2011, according to Little Sheep representatives.8 By 2011, Yum! was winding down Pizza Hut locations in Dollard-des-Ormeaux, Quebec, Canada, with Kirkland, Quebec following suit the following year.
In 2012, KFC was the first American fast food restaurant to operate in the West Bank; it opened in Ramallah; a Pizza Hut is also planned.9
In 2013, a few KFC locations in China supplied chicken found to contain "excess levels of chemical residue". Yum! has lost 6% of sales from publicity in China as of January 25.10
The company opened its first restaurant in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia in May, 2013. For Mongolia, KFC is the first western fast food to open its doors in the country. The company is planning to open 15 more restaurants in Ulaanbaatar in the next 5 years, including the country's first drive-thru service.11
The current chairman and chief executive officer of Yum! Brands is David C. Novak.12 Novak became CEO of predecessor firm Tricon Global on January 1, 2000, and chairman of the board on January 1, 2001.13 He is also a member of the Yum! executive/finance committee.
- "Yum! Brands, Form 10-K, Annual Report, Filing Date Feb 21, 2012". secdatabase.com. Retrieved Feb 16, 2013.
- Cyrek, Christopher (October 20, 2009). "Pizza Hut going after wings market". Dallas Business Journal (Dallas, Texas: American City Business Journals, Inc.). Retrieved 2011-01-26.
- "Yum puts A&W, Long John Silver's up for sale". MSNBC. Associated Press. 18 January 2011. Retrieved 20 January 2011.
- "Yum Sells 2 Fast-Food Chains". New York Times. 2011-09-22.
- American fried chicken comes to the Palestinian territories, Los Angeles Times, 04-02-2012, access date 20-02-2012
- "Yum Brands' chicken in China contained excessive chemical levels, report says". Business First. 25 January 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2013.
- "Yum! Brands expands to Mongolia, plans more growth". Business First. 29 May 2013. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
- "Yum! Brands, Form 8-K, Current Report, Filing Date Feb 10, 2000". secdatabase.com. Retrieved Feb 16, 2013.
- "Yum! Brands, Form 10-K, Annual Report, Filing Date Mar 28, 2001". secdatabase.com. Retrieved Feb 16, 2013.
- Kentucky Derby including Yum Brands in its name - May 5, 2006
- Yum.com - Official Yum! Brands Website
- Diners Walk Through One Door and Visit Two Restaurants Article in The New York Times (July 11, 2005) on Yum!'s strategy of multibranding restaurants
- Yum Brands and World Hunger Relief Week
- Yum! Brands SEC Filings
- Fast food's yummy secret: America's second-biggest fast-food group is as successful as it is little known Special report in The Economist (August 27, 2005) on Yum! Brands
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