Yuanyang or Coffee with tea (often spelled according to the Cantonese Chinese pronunciation Yuenyeung,1 Yinyeung, or Yinyong2), also commonly known as Kopi Cham in Malaysia (cham from the Malay word campur or mix 3) is a popular beverage in Hong Kong, made of a mixture of three parts of coffee and seven parts of Hong Kong-style milk tea. It was originally served at dai pai dongs (open air food vendors) and cha chaan tengs (cafe), but is now available in various types of restaurants. It can be served hot or cold.4 The name yuanyang, which refers to Mandarin Ducks, is a symbol of conjugal love in Chinese culture, as the birds usually appear in pairs and the male and female look very different.5 This same connotation of a "pair" of two unlike items is used to name this drink.4
Tea mixed with coffee is consumed in Ethiopia where it is known as spreeze.6
There are disputes if there were independent inventions of coffee-and-tea-mixtures in the Western world, some claiming it to be a Dutch serving. Various individuals have combined coffee with tea, sometimes using the name CoffTea or Tea Espress. The concept was suggested on the Halfbakery in 2000,7 and singer Peter André claimed to have invented CoffTea in an interview in 2004.8 In an interview in 2006, Sandra Blund recommended combining Savarin with chamomile tea in a ratio of 2 to 1 or combining organic Bolivian coffee and White Rose tea in equal parts.9 Blund claimed to have met a Cistercian nun from Tennessee who began combining the drinks in 1936 - about the same time when such beverages were invented in Hong Kong.
The drink is starting to catch on in America with the concoction being a one to one ratio of Iced Coffee and Iced Tea. In honor of the drink made famous by the golfer Arnold Palmer, the drink is unofficially called the Juan "Chi-Chi" Rodríguez.citation needed
- Richard R. Wertz: Cultural Heritage of China - Food & Drink - Tea - Tea Culturesunreliable source?
- Sparklette Food & Travel Blog: Hong Kong Kim Gary Restaurant - Toast of Hong Kong. April 17, 2007unreliable source?
- White Elephant: Teh & Kopi
- ""Yuanyang" exhibition showcases the contemporary ceramic art" (Press release). HKSAR Leisure and Cultural Services Department. 2003-02-11. Retrieved 2007-01-12.
- "教育部國語辭典:鴛鴦". Ministry of Education, Taiwan. Retrieved 2007-01-14.
- Pillai, Gerard (2009). The Fish Eagle's Lament: Travels in Southwest Ethiopia. Troubador Publishing Ltd. p. 65. ISBN 978-1848761308. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- Halfbakery: CoffTea - a little bit of both. March 21, 2000
- Virgin Media: Peter Andre interview by Alex Robertson
- The New York Observer: Coffee Tea: An Interview. October 1, 2006
- Michael Taylor (08-06-2010). "Starbucks Takes on Hong Kong Tastes (Part 2)". accidentaltravelwriter.net. Retrieved 29 October, 2012.
- Starbucks Hong Kong: "Escape This Summer With a Taste of Home" September 16, 2010
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