Template:Lang/doc

Information from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia—a reliable source for your research. Click to cite:
< Template:Lang  (Redirected from Template:Lang-xx)
Jump to: navigation, search

The purpose of this template is to indicate, via a code, that a span of text belongs to a particular language. It often makes no visible changes to the text, but can prompt web browsers to use a more appropriate font, or screen readers to use a particular kind of pronunciation; and so on. The "Rationale" section below provides more information.

Syntax and usage

{{lang |ISO 639 language code |text}}

The ISO 639 code is usually a two or three-letter abbreviation, in lowercase, of the language's name. French, for example, has the code "fr":

She said: "''{{lang|fr|Je suis française.}}''"

produces:

She said: "Je suis française."

By default, this template will place articles into the relevant subcategory of Category:Articles containing non-English-language text. To suppress this – e.g. when using {{lang}} within a wikilink or the title parameter of a citation – add the parameter |nocat=true. If {{lang}} is used to identify a language read from right to left, e.g. Arabic, the template {{rtl-lang}} may be used afterward to ensure the standard (English) left-to-right formatting is resumed. It also supports the |nocat= parameter.

It is usually better to incorporate an entire wikilink within {{lang}} rather than a label, i.e. {{lang|grc|[[Ancient Greek|Ἑλληνική]]}}, for example, rather than [[Ancient Greek|{{lang|grc|Ἑλληνική}}]].

There are also versions of this template for specific languages, intended for use the first time one of those languages appears in an article, that print the language's name. {{lang-es|español}} and {{lang-ru|русский язык}}, for example, yield, respectively, "Spanish: español" and "Russian: русский язык".

Language subtags can be used to indicate a regional variant of and/or a particular script used for a language. According to the World Wide Web Consortium, "the golden rule when creating language tags is to keep the tag as short as possible",1 so such subtags should only be added if there is good reason to use them. ISO 639‑1 is preferred over ISO 639‑2 and ISO 639‑3.

Italics

By default, {{lang|[language code]|…}} outputs plain text, while {{lang-[language code]|…}} templates (e.g. {{lang-de}}) output text in italics. If, with the latter, plain text is required (e.g. for proper names), {{noitalics}} may be used. For example,

… the border town of Ventimiglia ({{lang-fr|{{noitalics|Vintimille}}}})

produces:

… the border town of Ventimiglia (French: Vintimille)

Indicating writing script

If necessary, add the ISO 15924 code to indicate the script.

For example, Russian is usually written in the Cyrillic script, therefore the Cyrl script code is superfluous and the language code will be ru instead of ru-Cyrl. However, when that text is transliterated the transl code (transliteration) should be used because it isn't the default script for Russian: ru-Latn. Example:

* Moscow ([[Russian language|Russian]]: {{lang|ru|Москва́}}, {{transl|ru|''Moskva''}})

which is the same as

* Moscow ({{lang-ru|Москва́}}, {{transl|ru|''Moskva''}})

Results in your browser:

  • Moscow (Russian: Москва́, Moskva)

Instead of using {{transl|ru|''Moskva''}} the {{lang|ru-Latn|''Moskva''}} can be used, but if you specified a font and a size for the target language in your custom CSS (see Help:User style), the transliteration will appear in that specified style. To specify a transliteration scheme, for example, you are using the ISO 9 transliteration of Cyrillic, use {{transl|ru|ISO|''Moskva''}}:

The IANA maintains a list specifying when the script tag should be suppressed [1]. In some cases, the script must be always specified, like Tajik which can be equally written in Arabic, Latin or Cyrillic alphabets:

* Tajik ({{rtl-lang|tg-Arab|تاجیکی}}, {{transl|tg|''tojikī''}}, {{lang|tg-Cyrl|тоҷикӣ}})

Which results in your browser:

  • Tajik (تاجیکی‎, tojikī, тоҷикӣ)

Note the use of {{rtl-lang}} instead of {{lang}} when using the Arabic script (see hereafter section Writing direction).

Undetermined language

The {{lang}} template is not only used to specify the language of foreign words, but also to specify a single symbol or character in a specific script, for example when discussing about a specific writing system. Many times the character / symbol is used in several languages, but when the article refers to the grapheme itself the ISO 639‑2 and ISO 639‑3 language code und for Undetermined language should be used. For example:

The {{lang|und-Hani|字}} Han character has 6 strokes.
The Han character has 6 strokes.

Han characters are used in Chinese, Japanese, sometimes Korean, and formerly Vietnamese, and in this case the character is not used for any specific language. Note that the script code used is Hani, which specifies generic Han characters (Hanzi, Kanji, Hanja).

Compare {{script}}

The {{script|Hani|字}} Han character has 6 strokes.
The Han character has 6 strokes.

Indicating regional variant

In some cases, maybe it will be needed to add ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country codes (specific usage of that country). Of course the three codes can appear in the same tag, for example the code zh-Hant-TW will be used for Chinese text written with Traditional Han characters, containing words or expressions specific to Taiwan. zh-Hans is for simplified. Examples:

* {{lang|zh-Hant-TW|臺灣}}

Results in your browser:

  • 臺灣

Writing direction

{{rtl-lang}} is used to wrap strings of right-to-left text (from languages like Arabic or Hebrew) embedded in left-to-right text, and resets text direction to left-to-right at its conclusion. For whole paragraphs of right-to-left text, use {{rtl-para}}. The rtl- prefix is not needed in the {{lang-xx}} form, as this is implied by the language: there is no {{rtl-lang-ar}}, for instance: just use {{lang-ar}}.

Rationale

Applying styles

You can apply CSS styles in your user style sheet. Registered users can put styles into User:XXX/monobook.css, where XXX is the user name.

These examples may work in Internet Explorer 8; prior versions do not support attribute selectors. Alternatively, try another browser such as Firefox.

Example: to apply a font to Russian-language text:

 span[lang|=ru] { font-family: fonteskaya; }

Example: to apply a colour to text marked with any language:

 span[lang] { color: green; }

Do not use quotation marks in your user style sheet; wikitext would screw them up. They are recommended in CSS, but not required other than for font families containing generic-family keywords ('inherit', 'serif', 'sans-serif', 'monospace', 'fantasy', and 'cursive'). See http://www.w3.org/TR/CSS21/fonts.html#font-family-prop for details.

TemplateData

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

Lang

Indicate that a given span of text belongs to a particular language. Use by browsers which use different styles for different languages.

Template parameters
Parameter Description Type Default Status
Language code 1 A language tag or an ISO 639 language code, e.g. fr (the code for French). string empty required
Text 2 The text e.g. Je suis française. string empty required

See also

Further information

References



Content from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia

What Is This Site? The Ultimate Study Guide is a mirror of English Wikipedia. It exists in order to provide Wikipedia content to those who are unable to access the main Wikipedia site due to draconian government, employer, or school restrictions. The site displays all the text content from Wikipedia. Our sponsors generously cover part of the cost of hosting this site, and their ads are shown as part of this agreement. We regret that we are unable to display certain controversial images on some pages the site at the request of the sponsors. If you need to see images which we are unable to show, we encourage you to view Wikipedia directly if possible, and apologize for this inconvenience.

A product of XPR Content Systems. 47 Union St #9K, Grand Falls-Windsor NL A2A 2C9 CANADA