||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. The specific problem is: lot of tables of long listings need to be moved to other pages and also some paragraphs need to be truncated. (April 2014)|
Arasavilli Temple in Srikakulam
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Srikakulam is a city, municipality and the headquarters of Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is part of Srikakulam Assembly constituency and Srikakulam Parliament Constituency. Srikakulam was formerly called Gulshanabad (Garden city) during Muslim rule and was headquarters of Muslim fauzdars. It was renamed as Chicacole by British colonial rulers; after independence, it was renamed Srikakulam.2
There are two places with the same name in the state: A district and town on the northeast corner of the state and a small village on the bank of river Krishna in Ghantasala (Mandal) of Krishna district.3
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (June 2011)|
This region of Andhra Pradesh was part of Kalinga region at first, and later a part of Gajapati kingdom of Odisha up to the medieval period. It was in the 'Bendi Shilpa' ruling in 1687 Srikakulam (Gulshanabad) was a village and formed as fauzdhari-center for their money transactions for the areas of Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Vishakhapatnam, and some parts of Odisha. The word Gulshanabad derives from Persian words Shilpa that means Rose garden and Bendi (Bending). It was developed as a town in the Muslim ruling; today you can find more than 10,000 Muslims living in this town following their culture, tradition and values. Srikakulam has been a headquarters for revenue collection under Nizam state of Hyderabad since 1707. Nizams of Hyderabad assigned Gulshanabad (Srikakulam), Rajahmundry, Eluru and Mustafanagar (Kondapalli) districts to French India in 1753. French imperialists were driven out from these districts by British imperialists in 1756 during Anglo-French wars.
In 1759 the Fauzdhari ruling was ended and British ruling started, and Srikakulam town has been made part of Ganjam district and Palakonda and Rajam areas were included in Vizag district in the undivided Madras province. In 1936 the combined Madras-Odisha state was divided to Madras and Odisha and Parlakimidi Taluk was separated from combined Madras state. The Srikakulam was remained as Srikaklam taluk, Srikakulam town as Srikakulam municipality since 1857 under British rule. In 1947 after Indian independence, many including Potti Sriramulu fought for separate Andhra State. In 1948 many demanded for Srikakulam district as it was in combined vizag district. First 'chintada' village was proposed as district headquarters by some central leaders. On 17 July 1950, a representation was given by Challa Narasimhu naidu, an eminent leader, Pullela Vemkataramanayya (P.V. Ramanayya), who was an eminent advocate, public prosecutor, and freedom fighter, to the then revenue minister H. Sitaramareddy on his visit to this area and requested to select Srikakulam as district headquarters at his camp office in Vizianagaram. Sitaramareddy personally saw some places in Srikakulam for selection.
As per provisional data of 2011 census, Srikakulam urban agglomeration had a population of 146,988, out of which males were 73,077 and females were 73,911. The literacy rate was 85.71 per cent. Srikakulam municipality had a population of 126,003.45
Srikakulam municipality has a population of 109,666 (agglomeration 117,066). At present it has 36 wards.
Of 19 courts in the District, only two are present in the town: a District court and a Municipal Bench court. About 75 lawyers and one law college are present in the municipal area.
There are three police stations in the town: 1-Town, 2-Town, and Mahila. There is one rural police-station at Peddapadu, which serves rural mandalam. All the district police officers reside in the town.
NH 16 (formerly NH 5) gives a very good connectivity to Srikakulam on either sides of the town.
APSRTC bus station has two depots which provide service to almost all villages around the town. It has a very good connectivity to Visakhapatnam by non-stop services at every 10 minutes with a travel time of around 1 hour 50 minutes.
The nearest airport at Visakhapatnam is just 2 hours away by cab. Srikakulam Road railway station is just 15 minutes from the town by road.
Some of the temples famous include Ayyappa Swamy Alayam, Sri Kalyana Venkateswara Swamy Alayam
- The Temple of Sun God is located at Arasavilli (old name Harshavalli) which was a few kilometers away from the town is the only Sun God temple in Southern India and was constructed by a Kalinga dynasty king.
- Mukhalingam: SriMukhalingam is another temple in Srikakulam which is believed to have been built in the 9th century. This holy place is on the left bank of Vamsadhara. This is a group of three temples built by the Eastern Ganga dynasty kings in the 10th century AD. The deities are Mukhalingeswara, Bhimeswara and Someswara.
- Salihundam on the right bank of the river Vamsadhara, about 16 km from Srikakulam town, there are a number of Buddhist stupas and a huge monastic complex on a hillock.
- The shrine of a famous Sufi saint lies in Kalingapatnam. It has an old lighthouse.
- Ravi Valasa is about 5 km from Tekkali. Sri Endala Mallikarjuna Swamy is the deity. On Maha Sivaratri and Kartika Mondays large gathering devotees worship this deity. It is believed that the linga is growing an inch every year.
- Vaddadi Papaiah (artist)
- G.Anand (cine playback singer & music director)
- Pingali Nagendrarao (legendary script writer, playwright and lyricist)
- Sripada Pinakapani (medical doctor, administrator, professor in medicine, and carnatic musician)
- Kodi Rammurthy Naidu (Indian bodybuilder, Kaliyugi Bhima)
- Karnam Malleswari (Indian weightlifter, Olympic medallist)
- Gouthu Latchanna (veteren freedom fighter)
- Grandhi Mallikarjuna Rao (founder chairman of GMR Group)
- J.V. Somayajulu (Indian theatre & film actor)
- Padmasri Dr. Kutikuppala Surya Rao (Padma Shri recipient, medical and health services)6
- Pujari Sailaja (Indian weightlifting)7
- Killi Appala Naidu (freedom fighter)8
- H J Dora (Vigilance Commissioner, Central Vigilance Commission)9
- "Cities having population 1 lakh and above". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
- Gazetter of Srikakulam Distrct
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-20.
- "Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-20.
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