Srikakulam

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This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Srikakulam district.
Srikakulam
శ్రీకాకుళం
Chikkolu
Chicacole
city
Arasavilli Temple in Srikakulam
Arasavilli Temple in Srikakulam
Srikakulam is located in Andhra Pradesh
Srikakulam
Srikakulam
Coordinates: 18°18′N 83°54′E / 18.3°N 83.9°E / 18.3; 83.9Coordinates: 18°18′N 83°54′E / 18.3°N 83.9°E / 18.3; 83.9
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Coastal Andhra
District Srikakulam
Elevation 10 m (30 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,699,471
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 532 001
Vehicle registration AP30
Sunset at Srikakulam Town

Srikakulam is a town, municipality and headquarters of Srikakulam district in northeastern Andhra Pradesh, India. It is part of Srikakulam Assembly constituency and Srikakulam Parliament Constituency. Srikakulam was formerly called Gulshanabad (Garden city) during Muslim rule and was headquarters of Muslim fauzdars. It was renamed as Chicacole by British colonial rulers; after independence, it was renamed Srikakulam.1

There are two places with the same name in the state: A district and town on the northeast corner of the state and a small village on the bank of river Krishna in Ghantasala (Mandal) of Krishna district.2

History

Stone carved ceiling at Srikurmam Temple

This region of Andhra Pradesh was part of Kalinga region at first, and later a part of Gajapati kingdom of Odisha up to the medieval period. It was in the 'Bendi Shilpa' ruling in 1687 Srikakulam (Gulshanabad) was a village and formed as fauzdhari-center for their money transactions for the areas of Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Vishakhapatnam, and some parts of Odisha. The word Gulshanabad derives from Persian words Shilpa that means Rose garden and Bendi (Bending). It was developed as a town in the Muslim ruling; today you can find more than 10,000 Muslims living in this town following their culture, tradition and values. Srikakulam has been a headquarters for revenue collection under Nizam state of Hyderabad since 1707. Nizams of Hyderabad assigned Gulshanabad (Srikakulam), Rajahmundry, Eluru and Mustafanagar (Kondapalli) districts to French India in 1753. French imperialists were driven out from these districts by British imperialists in 1756 during Anglo-French wars.

Buddha statue in Nagavali river, Srikakulam

In 1759 the Fauzdhari ruling was ended and British ruling started, and Srikakulam town has been made part of Ganjam district and Palakonda and Rajam areas were included in Vizag district in the undivided Madras province. In 1936 the combined Madras-Odisha state was divided to Madras and Odisha and Parlakimidi Taluk was separated from combined Madras state. The Srikakulam was remained as Srikaklam taluk, Srikakulam town as Srikakulam municipality since 1857 under British rule. In 1947 after Indian independence, many including Potti Sriramulu fought for separate Andhra State. In 1948 many demanded for Srikakulam district as it was in combined vizag district. First 'chintada' village was proposed as district headquarters by some central leaders. On 17 July 1950, a representation was given by Challa Narasimhu naidu, an eminent leader, Pullela Vemkataramanayya (P.V. Ramanayya), who was an eminent advocate, public prosecutor, and freedom fighter, to the then revenue minister H. Sitaramareddy on his visit to this area and requested to select Srikakulam as district headquarters at his camp office in Vizianagaram. Sitaramareddy personally saw some places in Srikakulam for selection.

Demographics

As per provisional data of 2011 census, Srikakulam urban agglomeration had a population of 146,988, out of which males were 73,077 and females were 73,911. The literacy rate was 85.71 per cent. Srikakulam municipality had a population of 126,003.34

Civic administration

Srikakulam municipality has a population of 109,666 (agglomeration 117,066) (2001 census).

Chairpeople of the municipality

River Nagavali flows through Srikakulam town. There is a historical old bridge on the river in the town that was constructed by British colonial rulers in 1854 and in use for light vehicles. There are two other bridges: one at Day & Night Junction and other for one-way traffic at Kottaroad junction. Srikakulam is at lat: 18^\mathrm{o}18' N, lon: 83^\mathrm{o}54' E.

Srikakulam was capital of Muslim kings. Ruined tombs of Muslim kings are still seen in the town. It has the history of 150 years. At present it has 36 wards.

Judicial

Of 19 courts in the District, only two are present in the town: a District court and a Municipal Bench court. About 75 lawyers and one law college are present in the municipal area.

Police

There are three police stations in the town: 1-Town, 2-Town, and Mahila. There is one rural police-station at Peddapadu, which serves rural mandalam. All the district police officers reside in the town.

Transport

Srikakulam Road- Railway Station

NH 16 (formerly NH 5) gives a very good connectivity to Srikakulam on either sides of the town.

APSRTC bus station has two depots which provide service to almost all villages around the town. It has a very good connectivity to Visakhapatnam by non-stop services at every 10 minutes with a travel time of around 1 hour 50 minutes.

The nearest airport at Visakhapatnam is just 2 hours away by cab. Srikakulam Road railway station is just 15 minutes from the town by road.

Parks

Parks in Srikakulam Town
  • Gandhi park, Palakonda road opposite DM&HO office
  • Santhinagar park, Santhinagar
  • River view Park, Gudiveedhi
  • Indira Gandhi Park, Gunapalem
  • Housing Board colony Park, Oldsrikakulam
  • Chinnabaratam veedhi park
  • PSN colony park
  • Hudco colony park
  • Diamond park, New colony
  • LBS Park, LBS Colony
  • Vijayaditya Park, Seepannaidupeta, Srikakulam
  • Kargil Victory park, APHB Colony, Srikakulam

Tourism

Sculptures at Srikurmam Temple
Arasavalli Sun God idols inside Temple

Some of the temples famous include Ayyappa Swamy Alayam, Sri Kalyana Venkateswara Swamy Alayam

  • The Temple of Sun God is located at Arasavilli (old name Harshavalli) which was a few kilometers away from the town is the only Sun God temple in Southern India and was constructed by a Kalinga dynasty king.
  • Mukhalingam: SriMukhalingam is another temple in Srikakulam which is believed to have been built in the 9th century. This holy place is on the left bank of Vamsadhara. This is a group of three temples built by the Eastern Ganga dynasty kings in the 10th century AD. The deities are Mukhalingeswara, Bhimeswara and Someswara.
  • Salihundam on the right bank of the river Vamsadhara, about 16 km from Srikakulam town, there are a number of Buddhist stupas and a huge monastic complex on a hillock.
  • The shrine of a famous Sufi saint lies in Kalingapatnam. It has an old lighthouse.
  • Ravi Valasa is about 5 km from Tekkali. Sri Endala Mallikarjuna Swamy is the deity. On Maha Sivaratri and Kartika Mondays large gathering devotees worship this deity. It is believed that the linga is growing an inch every year.

Notables

See also

References

  1. ^ http://srikakulam.nic.in/
  2. ^ Gazetter of Srikakulam Distrct
  3. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  4. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 

www.manasrikakulam.com

5.Essays&articles in the newspapers written by Badana Raju

Gallery

External links


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