Srikakulam

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Srikakulam
శ్రీకాకుళం
Chikkolu
Chicacole
city
Arasavilli Temple in Srikakulam
Arasavilli Temple in Srikakulam
Srikakulam is located in Andhra Pradesh
Srikakulam
Srikakulam
Coordinates: 18°18′N 83°54′E / 18.3°N 83.9°E / 18.3; 83.9Coordinates: 18°18′N 83°54′E / 18.3°N 83.9°E / 18.3; 83.9
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Coastal Andhra
District Srikakulam
Elevation 10 m (30 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,699,471
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 532 001
Vehicle registration AP30
Sunset at Srikakulam Town

Srikakulam (Telugu: శ్రీకాకుళం) is a town, municipality and headquarters of Srikakulam district in northeastern Andhra Pradesh, India. It is part of Srikakulam Assembly constituency and Srikakulam Parliament Constituency. Srikakulam was formerly called Gulshanabad (Garden city) during Muslim rule and was headquarters of Muslim fauzdars. It was renamed as Chicacole by British colonial rulers; after independence, it was renamed Srikakulam.1

There are two places with the same name in the state: A district and town on the northeast corner of the state and a small village on the bank of river Krishna in Ghantasala (Mandal) of Krishna district.2

History

Stone carved ceiling at Srikurmam Temple

This region of Andhra Pradesh was part of Kalinga region at first, and later a part of Gajapati kingdom of Odisha up to the medieval period. It was in the 'Bendi Shilpa' ruling in 1687 Srikakulam (Gulshanabad) was a village and formed as fauzdhari-center for their money transactions for the areas of Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Vishakhapatnam, and some parts of Odisha. The word Gulshanabad derives from Persian words Shilpa that means Rose garden and Bendi (Bending). It was developed as a town in the Muslim ruling; today you can find more than 10,000 Muslims living in this town following their culture, tradition and values. Srikakulam has been a headquarters for revenue collection under Nizam state of Hyderabad since 1707. Nizams of Hyderabad assigned Gulshanabad (Srikakulam), Rajahmundry, Eluru and Mustafanagar (Kondapalli) districts to French India in 1753. French imperialists were driven out from these districts by British imperialists in 1756 during Anglo-French wars.

Buddha statue in Nagavali river, Srikakulam

In 1759 the Fauzdhari ruling was ended and British ruling started, and Srikakulam town has been made part of Ganjam district and Palakonda and Rajam areas were included in Vizag district in the undivided Madras province. In 1936 the combined Madras-Odisha state was divided to Madras and Odisha and Parlakimidi Taluk was separated from combined Madras state. The Srikakulam was remained as Srikaklam taluk, Srikakulam town as Srikakulam municipality since 1857 under British rule. In 1947 after Indian independence, many including Potti Sriramulu fought for separate Andhra State. In 1948 many demanded for Srikakulam district as it was in combined vizag district. First 'chintada' village was proposed as district headquarters by some central leaders. On 17 July 1950, a representation was given by Challa Narasimhu naidu, an eminent leader, Pullela Vemkataramanayya (P.V. Ramanayya), who was an eminent advocate, public prosecutor, and freedom fighter, to the then revenue minister H. Sitaramareddy on his visit to this area and requested to select Srikakulam as district headquarters at his camp office in Vizianagaram. Sitaramareddy personally saw some places in Srikakulam for selection.

The MLA of this area, Garemalla Kumaraswami, gave a speech on the dias of the meeting arranged on honour of the minister indicating that many important towns and capitals in the world were on the banks of rivers like England (Thames River), Srirangam (Kaveri), Agra (Yamuna), Kashi (Ganga), Rajamundry (Godavari), Vijayawada (Krishna), etc., and for Srikakulam it is Nagavali, convincing Sitaramareddy. Along with Rokkam Ramamurty, Pullela Venkataramanyya (P.V. Ramanayya), Pasagada Suryanarayana, Baratam Venkataramanayya, Mangu Raghavarao followed Garemella Kumaraswami as group to convince and represent the request memorandum. The minister decided and selected Srikakulam as headquarters after reaching Madras, then state capital. Kimidi Kalavenkatarao, ex-revenue minister in the combined Madras state, had done a lot for formation of this district. On 15 August 1950, at about 4.00 p.m. the district was announced with Srikakulam town as headquarters and with three revenue divisions: Palakonda, Srikakulam and Tekkali. At first, Parvatipuram revenue division was part of Srikakulam district and later transferred to Vizianagaram district. Mr. Nightwho? was the then collector in the combined Vizag Srikakulam and Janab Shek Ahammadh appointed as first district collector for separated Srikakulam. On 3 January 1951, the first District Board was formed and Rokkam Laxmi Narasimha Dora was elected as president.

Demographics

As per provisional data of 2011 census, Srikakulam urban agglomeration had a population of 146,988, out of which males were 73,077 and females were 73,911. The literacy rate was 85.71 per cent. Srikakulam municipality had a population of 126,003.34

Judicial

Of 19 courts in the District, only two are present in the town: a District court and a Municipal Bench court. About 75 lawyers and one law college are present in the municipal area.

Police

There are three police stations in the town: 1-Town, 2-Town, and Mahila. There is one rural police-station at Peddapadu, which serves rural mandalam. All the district police officers reside in the town.

Transport

Srikakulam Road- Railway Station

NH 16 (formerly NH 5) gives a very good connectivity to Srikakulam on either sides of the town.

APSRTC bus station has two depots which provide service to almost all villages around the town. It has a very good connectivity to Visakhapatnam by non-stop services at every 10 minutes with a travel time of around 1 hour 50 minutes.

The nearest airport at Visakhapatnam is just 2 hours away by cab. Srikakulam Road railway station is just 15 minutes from the town by road.

Temples

Ayyappa Swamy Alayam

Ayyappa Swamy Alayam temple is on the banks of River Nagavali at Balaga street. This deity of Ayyappa is made of Pancha Loha (five matal). Along with this deity, Mahaganapathi, Venkataramana murty, subramanya swamy, Shiva linga, nandi, deity are kept here and pratista was done at the same time. The back side of temple offers "Manikanta ghat" on the bank of Nagavali river.

Special Utsavams & celebrations include Dinam, Vishnu, Onam, Jyothi Darshanam, Kaarteeka maasa poojas, Brahmotsavams, Aaraat and Teppotsavam. On Sankranthi, Shivaratri, Ayyappa Janma nakshatra pratista and poojas are celebrated every year.

History

In 1978, under Umadeexith and Premijee, Ayyappa Vratha and Sabarimala Yaatra went to sabarimalai with two swamijis, with more each year. In 1980, they formed " Ayyappa swamy seva sangham". On 23 April 1986 they first acquired land, acquiring more in later years until reaching 2 acres. On 24 November 1998 Sri Perla Govindarajulu laid foundation under guidance of Sri Rajaraja Varma of Vantularaju Vamsham. Ganapathi pooja & Sudarshana Homam was done by Sabarimalai main Poojaari Brahmasri Maheswarutantri. Sri Velayappa Shaatri designed the temple. P. Sharadadevi helped in construction and her husband Sri P. Pratap undertook the pratista of Dwajastamba.

Sri Sri Sri Kalyana Venkateswara Swamy Alayam

Sri Sri Sri Kalyana Venkateswara Swamy Alayam is beside the holy river Nagavali Opp: to Collecter's Bunglow, Patha Srikaulam Srikakulam Town. It is established in the year 01-04-2010. The deities i.e., (Sridevi, Bhudevi and Sri Kalyana Venkateswara Swamy, Viswakshena, Subramanya Swamy, Vighneswara) were brought from Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanam. Since then, huge number of devotees are visiting the temple specially on Saturdays.

Banks

Parks

Parks in Srikakulam Town
  • Gandhi park, Palakonda road opposite DM&HO office
  • Santhinagar park, Santhinagar
  • River view Park, Gudiveedhi
  • Indira Gandhi Park, Gunapalem
  • Housing Board colony Park, Oldsrikakulam
  • Chinnabaratam veedhi park
  • PSN colony park
  • Hudco colony park
  • Diamond park, New colony
  • LBS Park, LBS Colony
  • Vijayaditya Park, Seepannaidupeta, Srikakulam
  • Kargil Victory park, APHB Colony, Srikakulam

Sports

  • International athletes like Karnam Malleswari (weightlifting) and Korada Mrudula (running, 400m) are from Srikakulam.
  • Kodi Ram Murthy Stadium near Govt. Degree College.
  • Swimming Pool (maintained by SAAP), Santhinagar.

Tourism

Sculptures at Srikurmam Temple
Arasavalli Sun God idols inside Temple
  • The Temple of Sun God is located at Arasavilli (old name Harshavalli) which was a few kilometers away from the town is now merged with the town due to the geographic growth of Srikakulam. Dating back to 7th century, the temple is the only Sun God temple in Southern India and was constructed by a Kalinga dynasty king. The Sun God "Sri Suryanarayana Swami" is most worshiped in Andhra Pradesh, and tourists from all over the world visits the temple every year. The historic temple at Arasavilli, built 3000 years ago, where the Lord Sri Suryanarayana temple is, resembles the rich cultural heritage Srikakulam holds. It is popularly called the God of Health.
  • Mukhalingam: SriMukhalingam is another temple in Srikakulam which is believed to have been built in the 9th century. This holy place is on the left bank of Vamsadhara. This is a group of three temples built by the Eastern Ganga dynasty kings in the 10th century AD. The deities are Mukhalingeswara, Bhimeswara and Someswara. All show evidence of the Odisha style of architecture (Indo - Aryan style). The Mukhalinga temple is a veritable art gallery. The temple entrances are marvels in themselves. There is a plethora of sculptural work and perforated windows. The Bhimeswara temple lacks such grand splendour. Someswara temple is rich in sculptural work.
  • Srikurmam is 15 km from Srikakulam town. It is in the Gara mandalam on northeast. The only one temple of Srikurmanatha temple in the country is here. The sculpture of the temple is wonderful. The Vishnu temple is architecturally unique. Here the rock edicts of 11 A.D. are available. Sri Simhachalam Devasthanam adopted this temple for improvement.
  • Salihundam: On the right bank of the river Vamsadhara, about 16 km from Srikakulam town, there are a number of Buddhist stupas and a huge monastic complex on a hillock amidst scenic surroundings. You can see a mahastupa, votive stupas, platforms and viharas. There is distinct evidence of the presence of the Vajrayana cult. The statues of Tara and Marichi were discovered at this site. From here, Buddhism spread to Sumatra and other East Asian countries. Salipataka and Salipetaka appear to be the early forms of the name of modern Salihundam.
  • The shrine of a famous Sufi saint lies in Kalingapatnam. It has an old lighthouse. At present weather research center, Cyclone warning center are working here. The confluence of Vamsadhara is an attractive site. Kalingapatnam is 25 km from Srikakulam.
  • Ravi Valasa is about 5 km from Tekkali. Sri Endala Mallikarjuna Swamy is the deity. On Maha Sivaratri and Kartika Mondays large gathering devotees worship this deity. It is believed that the linga is growing an inch every year. According to scripts it was about a foot when it was first seen and went on growing. Now the height of the linga is around 12feet.
  • Teli Nilapuram is in Tekkali division, 65 km from Srikakulam. There is a bird sanctuary here. Winter migration birds from Russia, Siberian cranes, flock here. They build nest on the tamarind trees and migrate to Russia in summer.
  • Sangam is 56 km from Srikakulam. Nagavali, Swarnam Mukhi and Vegavati confluence is place here. So it is called Sangam. One of the five lingas Sangameswara is here. On Maha Sivaratri thousands of devotees throng.
  • Sri Viswambhara Parampara is a centre for spiritual studies and practices in Sri Vidya, Tantra, Kriya Yoga which is located at Visakha’a’ colony, opposite water tank, Srikakulam. The programmes were conducted by Smt. B. Rama, resigned judge and B. Dhanunjaya baba by the grace of Guruji Ananda Ghana (Alipirala viswam). Ananda Ghana represents the spiritual, the poetic, the envisional, the candid, the instructive, the auspicious and the light-ful, an all-in-one multifaceted personality. He is an authority on Sri Vidya, Tantra, Kriya Yoga and several other scriptures. Ananda Ghana is Bala herself or Subrahmanya or Datta himself while for some others he is Gurudev meaning Parabrahma, Vishnu, Maheswara. This is a personal perception. But he is no man of miracles or of tall claims or of vague promises.
Weaving at Ponduru
  • Ponduru is a small village in Srikakulam, known as the land where the finest khadi is woven. Khadi from Ponduru is famous among khadi lovers of the entire country. Mahatma Gandhi is said to have been surprised at the finesse of the khadi produced here and he preferred khadi from this village. Khadi from this region is exported to countries like USA, Denmark, Japan and Sweden. It is about 20 kilometers from Srikakulam town.
  • NANDIWADA BALAYOGI ASHRAMAM: Blayogi is a famous saint in the village nandiwada, ponduru mandal. by the inspiration of mummidivaram balayogiswara swamy he do the tapassu at nandiwada from childhood. He do the tapassu for 30 years continuously. He comes out of his tapassu on every sivaratri only. Many people in India visited the place on siravatri. At present he will give suggestions to the people who are interested to know about yoga and sadhana.
  • Rajam is 40 km from Srikakulam. The king of Bobbili Tandrapapa Rayudu at one time stage here. This place is linked with name of the valiant. The famous GMR group started their business here.
  • Madduvalasais 25 km from Rajam Madduvalasa Reservoir has been built on Vegavati and Suvarnamukhi rivers, subsidiaries of Nagavali River at Madduvalasa
  • Palasa is famous for cashew nuts. The cashews are exported to different parts of the country and abroad. It is located towards the north of the district, close to Odisha.
  • Baruva is 109 km from Srikakulam town. Baruva, a fishing and coastal port, is set amidst lush coconut groves and paddy fields. The famous temples are of Sri Kotilingeswara Swamy and Janardanaswamy.
  • Kaviti is 13 km from Ichapuram and Sompet. The coastal belt around Kaviti has extensive plantations of coconut, cashew and jack. The area is delightfully scenic. Here are the deities of Chintamani Ammavaru and Sri Sita Rama Swamy.
  • Mandasa 180 km distant from Srikakulam, is a historical place. 700 years old Vasudeva Swamy temple here is worth seeing. Mandasa Fort is also an additional attraction.
  • Vijayadithya Park is one of the most enjoyable places to all types of tourists is this park which is situated in the nationa highway 2 km from Srikakulam town. It covers an area of 11 acres with centrally developed pond with boating specially designed as children park. It has good flower garden provide a pleasant atmosphere to visitors.

Notables

Parliamentary Constituency

Members of Parliament

Assembly Constituency

Members of Legislative Assembly

  • 1983 - Tangi Satyanarayana
  • 1985, 1989, 1994 and 1999 - Gunda Appalasuryanarayana
  • 2004 and 2009 - Dharmana Prasada Rao

Srikakulam municipality

Srikakulam municipality has a population of 109,666 (agglomeration 117,066) (2001 census).

Chairpeople of the municipality

River Nagavali flows through Srikakulam town. There is a historical old bridge on the river in the town that was constructed by British colonial rulers in 1854 and in use for light vehicles. There are two other bridges: one at Day & Night Junction and other for one-way traffic at Kottaroad junction. Srikakulam is at lat: 18^\mathrm{o}18' N, lon: 83^\mathrm{o}54' E.

Srikakulam was capital of Muslim kings. Ruined tombs of Muslim kings are still seen in the town. It has the history of 150 years. At present it has 36 wards.

Details of municipal chairpersons :
Year 1905–1911 1912–1915 1915–1918 1918–1921
chairperson T.V. SivaraoPantulu S. AdinarayanaRao D. SankaraSastrulu Shilpa Bendi
Year 1921–1926 1926–1929 1929–1931 1931–1938
chairperson ChattiPurnayyaPantulu M.V. Kamayyashetti H. Suryanarayana M.V. Ranganadham
Year 1938–1942 1946–1949 1949–1952 1952–1956
chairperson ChallaNarasimhaNaidu B.V. RamanayyaSetty GynateVenkatarao IppiliLaxminarayana
Year 1956–1961 1962–1963 1963–1964 1967–1970
chairperson PasagadaSuryanarayana MaturiRamarao L. Suryalingam M.A. Ravuf
Year 1970–1972 1981–1992 1995–2000 2000–2005
chairperson IppiliVenkatarao A.V. Narasimham (varam) DudaBhavaniSankar PaidisettiJayanthi
Year 2005–present
ChairPerson M.V. Padmavathi

See also

References

  1. ^ http://srikakulam.nic.in/
  2. ^ Gazetter of Srikakulam Distrct
  3. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  4. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 

www.manasrikakulam.com

Gallery

External links


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