Constitution of Serbia
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Politics and government of
In the preamble, Kosovo is defined as an integral part of Serbia with substantial autonomy; the first article then defines Serbia as "the state of the Serbian people and all its citizens". It also defines Serbia as an independent state for the first time since 1918.
Among the constitution's two hundred other articles are guarantees of human and minority rights, abolishment of capital punishment, and banning of human cloning. It also grants a small degree of autonomy for the province of Vojvodina. It assigns the Serbian Cyrillic alphabet as the official script, while making provisions for the use of minority languages at local levels.2 Among the differences between the current and previous constitution are:
- Only private, corporate and public property is acknowledged; social assets shall cease to exist.
- Foreign citizens are permitted to own property.
- Reappointment of judges
- The constitution mentions "European values and standards" for the first time.
- Full independence is granted to the National Bank of Serbia.
- As part of a process of decentralization, the granting of municipal properties' ownership rights to local municipalities.
- The province of Vojvodina is granted economic autonomy.
- The adoption of the national anthem, Bože pravde (God of Justice).
- Special protection for the rights of consumers, mothers, children and minorities.
- Greater freedom of information.
- Marriage is defined as the "union between a man and a woman"
The constitution defines the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija as an integral part of Serbia, but with "substantial autonomy". Under the opinion of the Venice Commission in respect to substantial autonomy of Kosovo, an examination of The Constitution makes it clear that this fundamental autonomy is not at all guaranteed at the constitutional level, as the constitution delegates almost every important aspect of this autonomy to the legislature.3
The constitution assigns the Serbian language and the Serbian Cyrillic alphabet as the official language and alphabet in use, respectively. The previous constitution assigned Serbo-Croatian as the official language, and both Cyrillic and Latin as the official alphabets in use.
- 1835 (First Serbian constitution)
- 2006 (Current constitution)
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Constitution of the Republic of Serbia in HTML format
- Constitution of the Republic of Serbia in PDF format
- Previous Constitution of Serbia (1990)
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