|Key people||Anthony Wood, CEO|
|Products||Roku 3; Roku LT, HD; Roku 2 XD, XS|
Roku (//, ROH-koo)2 is an American, privately held, consumer electronics company that sells home digital media products. The company is based in Saratoga, California.3 Roku manufactures a variety of digital media receivers that allow customers to access internet streamed video or audio services through televisions. This includes subscription-based services as well as services that are available through the receiver free of charge.
Roku's consumer products line-up included:
- Roku SoundBridge, a network music player
- SoundBridge Radio, a network music player with built-in speakers and subwoofer, AM‑FM receiver, volume-ramping alarm clock, preset buttons, SD slot and headphone jack
- PhotoBridge HD1000, a system for displaying images on a high-definition television, as well as streaming MPEG video. The unit has four card readers on the front and can read from Memory Stick, MultiMediaCard, SD Memory Card, SmartMedia Card, CompactFlash Card type II.
Roku also produced:
- the BrightSign solid-state media player, designed to drive HD displays in a retail environment.
Roku's audio products did not use internal storage but rely on Wi-Fi or Ethernet to stream digital audio over a network, either from Internet radio or a computer attached to the same network. Roku introduced the Radio Roku Internet radio directory in August 2007. Radio Roku provides a directory of Internet stations, accessible from a web browser or from SoundBridge players.
Prior to Autumn 2010, three versions of the Roku DVP were available: the Roku SD, HD, and HD-XR.5 The Roku SD only streams standard definition (SD) content.6 The Roku HD streams both SD and HD (720p) content.7 The Roku SD and HD both have an Ethernet connection and built in 802.11g Wi‑Fi compatible with wireless B, G, and N routers.8 Their third box was the Roku HD-XR, which streams both SD and HD (720p and 1080p) content, has built in dual-band 802.11n WiFi support, and has a USB port on the back.9
In 2010, Roku revamped its lineup of devices: the revised HD is the basic model of the line, offering 720p resolution, 802.11g WiFi reception (as well as an Ethernet connection), and an HDMI output. The middle of the line, the XD, adds 1080p resolution (if channel programmers provide it), an enhanced remote with replay capabilities, and single-band wireless N WiFi. The flagship XD|S offers the same feature set as the XD but also adds component video and optical audio outputs, dual-band wireless N, and a USB port for playing videos, photos, and music (USB Playback Support is available as of February 1, 2011).1011
On July 20, 2011, Roku updated its product lineup with three new boxes, each in the same price range as before. However, the Ethernet connection and remote with motion control for games are available only on the XS model.1213 The Roku Game Remote uses Hillcrest Labs' Freespace motion control technology, so users can control games with natural gestures.14 The Netflix application was revamped for the Roku 2 HD, Roku 2 XD and Roku 2 XS. The current models now provide the option of subtitles, when the program provides this aid.15
On October 29, 2012, the feature "Roku Search" was added. This feature allows users to search movie and TV show titles, actors and directors for multiple services on Roku such as Netflix, Amazon Instant Video and HBO Go. The feature is only available on Roku 2, Roku Streaming Stick, Roku LT and HD, due to technical constraints on earlier models.16
On May 14, 2013, a updated software interface was released for second generation Roku units. This is the same interface that was introduced with the release of their third generation player.17
On March 5, 2013, Roku announced the release of their updated media player, Roku 3, with a CPU that's five times faster than the Roku 2 XS, and a Wi-Fi Direct remote in place of Bluetooth. The Roku 3 remote includes a headphone jack (with headphones provided) for a private listening mode.18
|Model||Introduced||Discontinued||Video Outputs||Video Resolutions||Audio Output||Network||USB||Remote||Processor||Channel Memory||micro
|Composite, S-Video||Component, HDMI||480i / 480p||720p / 1080p||Analog||Optical / HDMI||Ethernet||802.11
|Roku DVP (N1000)||May 2008||Oct 2009||Both||Both||Both||720p||Yes||Both||Yes||b/g||No||IR||PNX8935 400 MHz19202122||64 MiB22||No|
|Roku SD (N1050)||Oct 2009||Sep 2010||Composite||Neither||480i||Neither||Yes||Neither||Yes||b/g||No||IR||PNX8935 400 MHz2223||64 MiB22||No|
|Roku HD (N1100)||Nov 2009||Sep 2010||Both||Both||Both||720p||Yes||Both||Yes||b/g||No||IR||PNX8935 400 MHz2223||64 MiB22||No|
|Roku HD-XR (N1101)||Oct 2009||Sep 2010||Both||Both||Both||Bothfc 1||Yes||Both||Yes||a/b/g/n dual-band||Yes||IR||PNX8935 400 MHz2223||256 MiB22||No|
|Roku HD (2000C)||Sep 2010||Jul 2011||Composite||HDMI||Both||720p||Yes||HDMI||Yes||b/g||No||IR||PNX8935 400 MHz22||64 MiB22||No|
|Roku XD (2050N, 2050X)||Sep 2010||Jul 2011||Composite||HDMI||Both||Bothfc 1||Yes||HDMI||Yes||b/g/n||No||IR||PNX8935 400 MHz2224||64 MiB22||No|
|Roku XDS (2100X)||Sep 2010||Jul 2011||Composite||Bothfc 2||Both||Bothfc 1||Yes||Both||Yes||a/b/g/n dual-band||Yes||IR||PNX8935 400 MHz212225||256 MiB22||No|
|Roku LT (2400X, 2450X)||Nov 2011||Composite||HDMI||Both||720p||Yes||HDMI||No||b/g/n||No||IR||BCM2835 400 MHz2622||256 MiB22||No|
|Roku HD (2500X)||Apr 2012||Composite||HDMI||Both||720p||Yes||HDMI||No||b/g/n||No||IR||BCM7208 400 MHz27||256 MiB27||No|
|Roku 2 HD (3000X)||Jul 2011||Apr 2012||Composite||HDMI||Both||720p||Yes||HDMI||No||b/g/n||No||IRfc 3||BCM2835 600 MHz2228||256 MiB22||Yes|
|Roku 2 XD (3050X)||Jul 2011||Composite||HDMI||Both||Bothfc 4||Yes||HDMI||No||b/g/n||No||IRfc 3||BCM2835 600 MHz2228||256 MiB22||Yes|
|Roku 2 XS (3100X)||Jul 2011||Mar 2013||Composite||HDMI||Both||Bothfc 4||Yes||HDMI||Yes||b/g/n||Yes||Bluetooth||BCM2835 600 MHz222829||256 MiB22||Yes|
|Roku Streaming Stick (3400X, 3420X)||Oct 2012||Neither||MHL only||480p||Bothfc 5||No||HDMI||No||b/g/n||No||Wi-Fi Direct||BCM2835 600 MHz2228||256 MiB22||No|
|Roku 3 (4200X)||Mar 2013||Neither||HDMI||480p||Bothfc 4||Nofc 6||HDMI||Yes||a/b/g/n dual-band||Yes||Wi-Fi Direct||Broadcom ARM Cortex-A9 dual-core||Yes|
Also see Roku's product comparison table.
- 1080p at p24 or p30 only.
- The component video connector on the Roku XDS (2100X) is a nonstandard 3.5mm connector and a proprietary adapter cable, which is sold separately, is effectively required to use this. "What is the component cable?". Roku. 2010-07-22.
- Bluetooth remote optional.
- 1080p at p60 only.
- 1080p at p24.
- Analog audio output is available only through the headphone jack on the remote.
Content on the Roku DVP is provided by Roku partners, and are identified using the "channel" vernacular. Each separate channel supports content from one partner though some content partners have more than one channel. Users can add or remove different channels from the Roku Channel Store. In May 2011, Roku stated the DVP had over one million viewers and had delivered 15 million channel downloads. Both on-demand content and live streaming are supported by the devices. For live TV streams, Roku supports Apple HLS (HTTP Live Streaming) adaptive streaming technology. The primary movie channels which are available on Roku in the U.S. market are suppressed in Canada.
The Roku is an open-platform device with a freely available SDK that enables anyone to create new channels.30 The channels are written in a Roku-specific language called BrightScript, a scripting language the company calls "similar to Visual Basic".31
Developers who wish to test their channels before a general release, or who wish to limit viewership, can create "private" channels that require a code be entered by the user in the account page of the Roku website. These private channels, which are not part of the official Roku Channel Store, are not reviewed or approved by Roku.32
There is a NDK (Native Developer Kit) available, though it has added restrictions - see Roku developer question "How do I develop games for Roku?"31
- Air 1
- Amazing Facts
- Amazon Cloud Player†
- Angie's List
- The Autism Channel
- Beyond Today TV
- CBN TV
- CNBC Real-Time
- CNET TV
- Comic Vine
- Daystar Television Network
- Democracy Now!
- Drive-In Classics
- Cowboy Classics
- EWTN (6 channel multiplex)
- Fox Business
- Fox News Channel
- Free Speech TV
- Giant Bomb
- Gospel Broadcasting Network
- Havoc Television
- The Highway Girl
- HuffPost Live
- Jewelry Television
- Jewish Life Television
- KLAS-TV News
- K-LOVE Radio
- Kung Fu Theater
- Liberty Bell Radio
- Life+Health Network
- Liquidation Channel
- Moonlight Movies
- Mormon Channel
- NASA TV
- NBC News
- Newsmax TV
- NRA Life of Duty
- Omniverse TV
- PBS Kids†
- Positive Peak Radio & TV
- Proud Television
- Radio Paradise
- Radio Time
- Roku Newscaster
- Roku Search†
- Rutgers Channel
- Rustavi 2
- Sail TV
- SEC Digital Network
- SHOUTcast Radio
- Smithsonian Channel
- Streamin' Garage
- Syfy (clips only)
- Tagesschau (Germany)
- TED Talks
- TBN (8 channel multiplex)
- TWiT Netcast Network
- United States Hockey League
- Wall Street Journal Live
- Weather Underground
- WISC News
- WTHR News38
- Classical TV39
- Dream TV
- MHz Networks
- Pandora Radio
- Pub-D-Hub Classics
- 3ABN (9 channel multiplex)
- Amazon Instant Video (U.S.only)
- Ameba (U.S. and Canada only)
- American Primetime TV
- Blockbuster on Demand†
- Epix ♦
- FlixFling (U.S. and Canada)
- Flix Universe
- HBO Go ♦
- Hulu Plus (U.S. only)
- Hope Channel (5 channel multiplex)
- Major League Soccer
- Midwest Cage Championship (MCC)
- Mobile Tribe
- Movie Vault
- MyTV (Arabic)
- Netflix (U.S. and UK only)
- NBA League Pass
- NHL Gamecenter Live
- Rdio (U.S. and Canada only)
- Skitter TV
- SpiritClips from Hallmark 42
- Sportskool (Multiple channels)
- Spotify†(Coming soon to Roku LT and HD models)
- TWC TV†♦
- Wealth TV
- Weiss Money Network
- Wieder.TV (German)
- Angry Birds (including special editions)†
- Castle Warriors†
- Danger Derby†
- Double Draw Solo Poker†
- Downhill Bowling 2†
- Dracula's Coffin†
- Four in a Row
- Frisbee Forever†
- Letter Mix
- Letter Mix-KJ
- Mah jongg
- Mahjong Fruits†
- Marble Puzzle
- Mouse About†
- Muffin Knight†
- Pac-Man Championship Edition†
- Rope Rescue†
- Storm in a Tea Cup†
- Super Crossfire†
- Super Stickman Golf†
- Texas hold 'em
- Video Poker
- Wheel of Fortune†
- You Don't Know Jack†
♦: Currently only available to cable and satellite subscribers of this service, no stand alone subscription is available.
†: Only available on Roku 3, Roku 2, Roku Streaming Stick, Roku LT and HD models
- Roku pins TV's future on Internet streaming Retrieved May 4, 2012
- "Roku Forums • View topic - Rock You or Row Coo???". Forums.roku.com. Retrieved 2011-06-14.
- "Our Company". Roku. Retrieved 2011-06-14.
- Altavilla, Dave (2010-12-07). "Inside The Tech Of The Netflix Player With Roku". HotHardware. Retrieved 2011-06-14.
- "Roku Streaming Players | Roku HD Player, Roku XD Player and Roku XDS Player". Roku.com. Retrieved 2011-06-14.
- "Roku Labs Roku SD Home Theater Product Product Information". PCWorld. 2009-11-24. Retrieved 2011-06-14.
- Carnoy, David; Falcone, John P. (2010-09-24). "Roku N1100 HD player Review". CNET. Retrieved 2011-11-12.
- "What compatible Wi-Fi devices work with my Roku player? : Featured Questions". Roku.com. Retrieved 2011-06-14.
- "Roku HD XR Player Review - Watch CNET's Video Review". Reviews.cnet.com. Retrieved 2011-06-14.
- RokuTom (2011-01-31). "Roku Forums • View topic - Roku USB Media Player launched". Forums.roku.com. Retrieved 2011-06-14.
- "What media file types does the Roku USB Media Player channel support? : Featured Questions". Support.roku.com. Retrieved 2011-06-14.
- Roku Expects User Base to Triple in 2011 Retrieved May 10, 2011
- CED Magazine September 30, 2011. New Products - October 2011.
- Introducing Roku 2
- Roku.com: Introducing Roku Search (In addition, see follow-up in "Comments" section from Roku) Retrieved October 29, 2012
- Rolling out the new Roku interface Retrieved May 16, 2013
- Roku 3, a faster and more powerful media player, to go on sale Retrieved March 15, 2013
- "NXP and Roku Enable Instant Enjoyment of New Release Movies" (Press release). 2009-03-04. Retrieved 2011-11-11. "The Roku digital video player, powered by the PNX8935 multi-format source decoder from NXP"
- "Netflix Player source code released". Hack a Day. 2008-07-02. Retrieved 2011-11-11.
- Higgins, Tim (2010-09-29). "Roku XDS Reviewed - Inside". SmallNetBuilder. Retrieved 2011-11-11. "the original Roku and XDS, which both use Nexperia's PNX8935 multi-format source decoder. It's obvious that a newer version of the PNX8935 is used in the XDS, given the device's smaller size."
- "MIPS-Based Products". Archived from the original on 2011-11-11. Retrieved 2011-11-11. "Roku HD-XR Digital Video Player ... Roku SD Digital Video Player ... Roku HD Digital Video Player ... Licensee Chip Used: PNX8935"
- Lueke, Alan (2010-11-12). "Netgear Roku XD: Streaming for the Masses". AnandTech. Retrieved 2011-11-11. "Looking inside, I discovered the NXP PNX8935 SoC."
- Detwiler, Bill (2011-01-14). "Roku XDS Teardown". TechRepublic. Retrieved 2011-11-11. "XDS uses a Trident Microsystems / NXP Semiconductors PNX8935 multi-format source decoder."
- O'Brien, Terrence (2011-09-27). "Budget-friendly Roku LT pops up at the FCC as the 2400X (Updated with pics)". Engadget. Retrieved 2011-11-11. "Inside is the same Broadcom 2835 SOC that powers the Roku 2 XD, XS, and HD"
- O'Brien, Terrence (2011-06-29). "Roku 2 line passes through the FCC with modest hardware updates and a reset button". Engadget. Retrieved 2011-11-11. "Inside that tiny case is a new Broadcom 2835 SOC"
- "Roku 2 XS 3100R Streaming Media Adapter". Hearst Electronic Products and iSuppli. 2011-10-26. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11. Retrieved 2011-11-11. "The new design twist on the 3100R is the use of a Broadcom (BCM2835) A/V Processor. ... BCM2835MIPPG, TE1119 P31, 136664 B3 W (Die Marking: Logo, BCM2708, 2010)"
- "Roku Bows Online Store". Home Media Magazine. 2009-11-23. Retrieved 2011-06-14.
- "What Are Private Channels?". Roku.com. Retrieved 2011-11-12.
- "Roku Channel Store". Roku.com. Retrieved 2012-12-08.
- Roku device, "Roku Channel Store"
- Disney Short-Form Videos Now Available on Roku Retrieved September 21, 2011
- WTHR.com: WTHR video on Roku Retrieved June 30, 2011
- Classical TV-Roku Users
- Fandor on Roku
- IndieFlix on Roku
- Roku Website
- Roku Channel Store
- Roku Player by Roku Review (cnet.com)
- FlickStream--Developer of several of Roku's channels
- Instant Roku Channel -- Development system for public and private Roku channels
Content from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia
What Is This Site? The Ultimate Study Guide is a mirror of English Wikipedia. It exists in order to provide Wikipedia content to those who are unable to access the main Wikipedia site due to draconian government, employer, or school restrictions. The site displays all the text content from Wikipedia. Our sponsors generously cover part of the cost of hosting this site, and their ads are shown as part of this agreement. We regret that we are unable to display certain controversial images on some pages the site at the request of the sponsors. If you need to see images which we are unable to show, we encourage you to view Wikipedia directly if possible, and apologize for this inconvenience.
A product of XPR Content Systems. 47 Union St #9K, Grand Falls-Windsor NL A2A 2C9 CANADA