Screenshot of Moblin 2.1
|Company / developer||The Linux Foundation/Intel|
|Working state||Discontinued (merged with MeeGo)|
|Source model||Open source|
|Latest release||2.1 / November 4, 2009|
|Marketing target||Mobile devices|
|Package manager||RPM Package Manager|
|Kernel type||Monolithic kernel|
Moblin, short for 'mobile Linux', was an open source operating system and application stack for Mobile Internet Devices (MIDs), netbooks, nettops and embedded devices.1 It first merged with the Maemo effort and then both were integrated with the MeeGo project. Nokia stopped all MeeGo development after switching to Windows Phone. Intel discontinued work on MeeGo using Tizen instead.
Built around the Intel Atom processor, all builds were designed to minimize boot times and power consumption as a netbook and MID-centric operating system. The netbook/desktop version of Moblin supported other chipsets based on the SSSE3 instruction set, such as the Core2 and some Celeron processors.
OEM support was scarce but hit an all time high in 2009, when,Acer replaced Linpus Linux with Moblin on their Acer Aspire One netbooks.23 and LG Electronics chose Moblin OS 2.1 for its mobile Internet device class smartphone the LG GW990.45 Dell also once accepted orders for its Ubuntu Moblin Remix, a Canonical Ltd. which built Moblin on top of Ubuntu distribution as base.6
Few commercial products existed around Moblin 2 most prominently a Foxconn netbook7 and an InvenTech smartphone8dead link, both announced at Computex 2009. Mandriva offered Moblin's v2 version to all Mandriva distribution and netbook owners.9dead link
At the Consumer Electronics Show in January 2010, MSI and Novell announced SUSE Moblin preloaded on the MSI U135 netbook. Following the release of Moblin version 2.1, this was the first original equipment manufacturer (OEM) to sell a fully supported Intel Atom processor-based netbook running Moblin-based technology to consumers. It was demonstrated at both the MSI and Intel booths at the show.10 In addition, Samsung showed four netbooks preloaded with SUSE Moblin.
Intel launched the Moblin.org site in July 2007 and significantly updated the site in April 2008 with the launch of the Intel Atom processor family at the Intel Developer Forum in Shanghai. A custom software development kit (SDK) is available on the site. The Moblin 2 OS was specifically designed to run on an Intel Atom processor in a netbook.11
In April 2009 Intel turned Moblin over to the Linux Foundation. Subsequently, Moblin was merged with Maemo, becoming MeeGo. MeeGo's development was also hosted by the Linux Foundation, and initially governed by a Technical Steering Group overseen by Imad Sousou of Intel and Nokia's Valtteri Halla 12
The Linux Foundation canceled MeeGo in September 2011 in favor of Tizen.13 A new Finnish start-up, Jolla, announced in July 2012 that MeeGo’s community-driven successor Mer,14 would be the basis of their new operating system Sailfish OS slated to launch in a smartphone during 2013.15
At the Linux Collaboration Summit in April 2009, Intel demonstrated that the Moblin 2 alpha release can load major components of the stack, including the graphics system, and start up in mere seconds.16 On May 19, 2009, Imad Sousou announced the release of Moblin v2.0 beta for Netbooks and Nettops for developer testing.17 Moblin 2's Core distribution is based on recent builds of Fedora, but other distributions to announce future support for the core Moblin stack include Linpus2 and Ubuntu.1819
This second major release marked a shift from the Xfce desktop environment to a custom-built GNOME Mobile UI based on OpenedHand's Clutter, a key piece of the Maemo graphical environment, built around the X Window System. The new UI also includes an integrated Gecko web browser.20 The Register was impressed by the interface but noted the presence of "quite a few apparent bugs" and described the beta release of Moblin 2 as "closer to an alpha than a beta.".21
- Moblin Image Creator (MIC): allows developers to create a custom Linux file system for a device. Using MIC, a platform developer can choose which components from Moblin they want on their device, build the target file system, copy all the necessary files to a USB mass storage device and load the resulting files onto the target.
- Kernel: platform-specific patches to the Linux kernel and various other device drivers.
- UI Framework: screen interface and its underlying Clutter- and GTK+-based framework.
- Power Management Policy: extending and enhancing existing Linux power management capabilities
- Browser: the Moblin browser is full-featured web browser based on Mozilla technologies with a finger-driven UI and MID UI integration.citation needed The Moblin browser supports key plug-insclarification needed like Adobe Flash.
- Multimedia: audio and video playback and photo viewing including Helix or GStreamer multimedia frameworks with Universal Plug and Play support through the GUPnP library.
- Linux Connection Manager: Internet connections that can be extended through plug-insclarification needed to support various wired or wireless technologies.
Moblin 2's interface is designed for netbook and nettops and built on open source graphics technology, such as Clutter, DRI2, and KMS, which are designed around toolbars and panels available at the top of the screen.
- Myzone is a variation on the desktop or home screen. It provides an overview of the user’s latest activities on the system. The screen is divided into three areas: recent activities, that is calendar and to-do items (left); recent files and websites, such as pictures viewed and websites visited (center); and recent social network updates, currently tracking Twitter and Last.fm (right).
- A custom toolbar provides more personalized content on the screens it navigates to, than most toolbars do. Most menu items open screens that display the most recently accessed topical content. For example, the work zones panel manages, organizes, and switches to currently running applications and the media panel displays recently played and viewed media files.
- The optimized browser is based on Mozilla browser technology revised into a Clutter shell.
- A 'zoomable' media player allows going from viewing all media at once down to focusing on an individual picture, movie, or audio track. The media player detects and indexes media on external USB devices, as well as UPnP devices on a network.
- Moblin.org - Mobile Linux Internet Project
- Engadget "Acer to join the Moblin Linux"
- IDG News Service "Acer Will Use Moblin Linux Across Its Products"
- "Atom-powered LG GW990 rocks the smartphone world". GSM Arena. GSMArena. 8 January 2010. Retrieved 10 January 2010.
- "LG NEXT-GENERATION SMARTPHONE STARS IN INTEL CES KEYNOTE". LGE Press Release. LG Electronics. 7 January 2010. Retrieved 10 January 2010.
- Moblin 2 arriving via Dell with Ubuntu-Moblin remix netbook
- Foxconn SZ901 netbook with Linpus Lite Moblin V2
- dead link
- MSI Ships First Netbook Powered by SUSE Moblin from Novell
- Ganapati, Priya. "Intel Pushes New Operating System For Netbooks", 2009.
- Ryan, Justin (Feb 16, 2010). "Maemo + Moblin = MeeGo". Linux Journal.
- https://meego.com/community/blogs/imad/2011/whats-next-meego What's Next for MeeGo
- Intel aims for 2-second boot time with Moblin Linux platform
- Moblin v2.0 beta for Netbooks and Nettops - It's here...
- Spec of Ubuntu Moblin Remix
- Canonical announces support for Moblin v2
- Hands-on: Intel brings rich UI to Moblin Linux platform Ars Technica
- The best netbook-friendly Linux distros by Andrew Miller of The Register. June 9, 2009
- Moblin open source project
- Moblin v2.0 Beta: Calling Developers to Work on the Next Big Thing
- "Moblin Linux gathers momentum". LinuxDevices.com. Ziff Davis Enterprise Holdings. 2008-10-22. Archived from the original on 2012-12-06. Retrieved 2009-01-29.
- Paul, Ryan (2009-01-28). "Intel releases Linux-based Moblin 2 Alpha for Netbooks". ars technica. Condé Nast Digital. Retrieved 2009-01-29.
- "Canonical announces support for Moblin v2". ubuntu.com. 2009-06-02. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
- "Moblin switching from Ubuntu to Fedora". 2008-07-25. Retrieved 2009-06-02.
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