Marcello Mastroianni

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Marcello Mastroianni
Mastroianni 1991.2.jpg
Mastroianni in 1991
Born Marcello Vincenzo Domenico Mastroianni
(1924-09-28)28 September 1924
Fontana Liri, Lazio, Italy
Died 19 December 1996(1996-12-19) (aged 72)
Paris, France
Occupation Actor
Years active 1938–1996
Spouse(s) Flora Carabella (m. 1950–96)
Partner(s) Catherine Deneuve (1971–1975)
Anna Maria Tatò (1976–1996)
Children 2

Marcello Vincenzo Domenico Mastroianni, Knight Grand Cross (Italian pronunciation: [marˈtʃɛllo mastroˈjanni]; 28 September 1924 – 19 December 1996) was an Italian film actor. His prominent films include La Dolce Vita; ; La Notte; Divorce, Italian Style; Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow; Marriage Italian-Style; A Special Day; City of Women; Henry IV; Dark Eyes; and Stanno tutti bene. His honours included British Film Academy Awards, Best Actor awards at the Cannes Film Festival and two Golden Globe Awards.

Early life

Mastroianni was born in Fontana Liri, a small village in the Apennines in the province of Frosinone, Lazio, and grew up in Turin and Rome. He was the son of Ida (née Irolle) and Ottone Mastroianni, who ran a carpentry shop,1 and the nephew of the Italian sculptor Umberto Mastroianni (1910–1998). During World War II, after the division into Axis and Allied Italy, he was interned in a loosely guarded German prison camp, from which he escaped to hide in Venice.

His brother Ruggero Mastroianni (1929–1996) was a highly regarded film editor who not only edited a number of his brother's films, but appeared alongside Marcello in Scipione detto anche l'Africano, a spoof of the once popular peplum/sword and sandal film genre released in 1971.

Career

Mastroianni made his onscreen debut as an uncredited extra in Marionette (1939) when he was fourteen, and his first big role was in Atto d'accusa (1951). Within a decade he became a major international celebrity, starring in Big Deal on Madonna Street (1958); and in Federico Fellini's La Dolce Vita opposite Anita Ekberg in 1960, where he played a disillusioned and self-loathing tabloid columnist who spends his days and nights exploring Rome's high society. Mastroianni followed La Dolce Vita with another signature role, that of a film director who, amidst self-doubt and troubled love affairs, finds himself in a creative block while making a movie in Fellini's (1963).

His other prominent films include La Notte (1961) with Jeanne Moreau; Pietro Germi's Divorce, Italian Style (1961); Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow (1963), Marriage Italian-Style (1964), A Special Day (1977) and Robert Altman's Ready to Wear (1994), all co-starring Sophia Loren; Mario Monicelli's Casanova 70 (1965); Stay As You Are (1978) with Nastassja Kinski; Fellini's City of Women (1980) and Ginger and Fred (1986); Marco Bellocchio's Henry IV (1984); Nikita Mikhalkov's Dark Eyes (1987); Giuseppe Tornatore's Everybody's Fine (1990); Used People (1992) with Shirley MacLaine; and Agnès Varda's One Hundred and One Nights (1995).

He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor three times: for Divorce Italian Style, A Special Day and Dark Eyes. Mastroianni, Dean Stockwell and Jack Lemmon are the only actors to have been twice awarded the Best Actor at the Cannes Film Festival. Mastroianni won it in 1970 for Dramma della gelosia - tutti i particolari in cronaca and in 1987 for Dark Eyes.

Mastroianni starred alongside his daughter, Chiara Mastroianni, in Raúl Ruiz's Three Lives and Only One Death in 1996. For this performance he won the Silver Wave Award at the Ft. Lauderdale International Film Festival. His final film, Voyage to the Beginning of the World (1997), was released posthumously.

Personal life

Mastroianni married actress Flora Carabella (1926–1999) in 1950.2 They had one child together, Barbara (born 1952), and eventually separated because of his affairs with other women.2 Mastroianni's first serious relationship after the separation was with Faye Dunaway, his co-star in A Place for Lovers (1968). Dunaway wanted to marry and have children, but Mastroianni, a Catholic, refused to divorce Carabella.2 In 1971, after three years of waiting for Mastroianni to change his mind, Dunaway left him.2

Mastroianni had a daughter, Chiara Mastroianni, with actress Catherine Deneuve, his partner for four years in the 1970s. During that time, the couple made four movies together: It Only Happens to Others (1971), La cagna (1972), A Slightly Pregnant Man (1973) and Don't Touch the White Woman! (1974).

According to People magazine, Mastroianni's other lovers included actresses Lauren Hutton, Ursula Andress, Anouk Aimee and Claudia Cardinale.2 Around 1976, he became involved with Anna Maria Tatò, an author and filmmaker, although they did not form an exclusive relationship until the early 1980s. They remained together until his death.2

Death

Mastroianni died of pancreatic cancer on 19 December 1996 at the age of 72.34 Both of his daughters, as well as Deneuve and Tatò, were at his bedside.2 The Trevi Fountain in Rome, associated with his role in Fellini's La Dolce Vita, was symbolically turned off and draped in black as a tribute.45

At the 1997 Venice Film Festival, Chiara, Carabella and Deneuve tried to block the screening of Tatò's four-hour documentary, Marcello Mastroianni: I Remember.6 The festival refused and the movie was shown.6 The three women reportedly tried to do the same thing at Cannes.6 Tatò said Mastroianni had willed her all rights to his image.6

Awards and recognition

Filmography and awards

Year Title Role Notes
1939 Marionette Extra Uncredited
1944 I bambini ci guardano Extra Uncredited
1948 I Miserabili Un Rivoluzionario
1949 Vent'anni
1950 Domenica d'agosto Ercole Nardi
Contro la legge Marcello Curti
Vita da cani Carlo Danesi
Cuori sul mare Massimo Falchetti
1951 Atto d'accusa Renato La Torre
Passaporto per l'oriente Aldo Mazzetti
Parigi è sempre Parigi Marcello Venturi
1952 La muta di Portici Extra Uncredited
Sensualità Carlo Santori
Tragico ritorno Marco
L'eterna catena Donna Sofia
Le ragazze di Piazza di Spagna Marcello
Penne nere Pietro Cossuti
1953 Lulù Soletti
Febbre di vivere Daniele
Non è mai troppo tardi Riccardo
Gli eroi della domenica Carlo Vagnetti
Il viale della speranza Mario
1954 Schiava del peccato Giulio
La principessa delle Canarie Don Diego
Cronache di poveri amanti Ugo
Tempi nostri Segment "Il Pupo"
Giorni d'amore Pasquale Droppio Nastro d'Argento for Best Actor
Casa Ricordi Gaetano Donizetti
Peccato che sia una canaglia Paolo Grolla d'Oro for Best Actor
1955 Tam tam mayumbe Alessandrini
La bella mugnaia Luca
1956 La fortuna di essere donna Corrado Betti Nominated – Nastro d'Argento for Best Actor
1957 Il medico e lo stregone Dr. Francesco Marchetti
Padri e figli Cesare
La ragazza della salina Piero
Il momento più bello Pietro Valeri
Le notti bianche Mario Nastro d'Argento for Best Actor
1958 Racconti d'estate Marcello Mazzoni Nominated – Nastro d'Argento for Best Actor
Amore e guai Franco
I soliti ignoti Tiberio
1959 La Loi Enrico Tosso
1960 La Dolce Vita Marcello Rubini Nastro d'Argento for Best Actor
Il bell'Antonio Antonio Magnano Nominated – Nastro d'Argento for Best Actor
1961 Il nemico di mia moglie Marco Tornabuoni
Un ettaro di cielo Severino Balestra
Ferdinando I, re di Napoli Gennarino
L'assassino Alfredo Martelli
1962 Fantasmi a Roma Reginaldo
La notte Giovanni
Divorzio all'italiana Ferdinando (Fefè) Cefalù Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
Nastro d'Argento for Best Actor
Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor
Vita privata Fabio Rinaldi
Cronaca familiare Enrico Nominated – Nastro d'Argento for Best Actor
1963 Guido Anselmi Nominated – Nastro d'Argento for Best Actor
I compagni Prof. Sinigaglia
Ieri, oggi, domani Carmine BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
David di Donatello for Best Actor
1964 Matrimonio all'italiana Domenico Soriano David di Donatello for Best Actor
Golden Globe Henrietta Award – World Film Favorite Actor
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Nominated – Nastro d'Argento for Best Actor
1965 Oggi, domani e dopodomani Mario / Michele episodes L'uomo dei cinque palloni, L'ora di punta, La moglie bionda
Casanova 70 Maggiore Colombetti San Sebastian International Film Festival Best Actor
La decima vittima Marcello Poletti Nominated – Nastro d'Argento for Best Actor
1966 Io, io, io... e gli altri Peppino Marassi Nominated – Golden Globe Henrietta Award – World Film Favorite Actor
1967 Lo straniero Arthur Meursault
1968 Questi fantasmi
Amanti Valerio
1970 The Pizza Triangle Oreste Nardi Cannes Film Festival Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Nastro d'Argento for Best Actor
I girasoli Antonio
Leo the Last Leo
Giochi particolari Sandro
1971 Correva l'anno di grazia 1870 Augusto Parenti
The Priest's Wife Don Mario
Permette? Rocco Papaleo Rocco Papaleo
1972 Ça n'arrive qu'aux autres Marcello
What? Alex
1973 Mordi e fuggi Giulio Borsi
La Grande Bouffe Marcello
Niente di grave: suo marito è incinto Marco Mazetti
Rappresaglia padre Antonelli
L'idolo della città Nicolas Montei
1974 Touche pas à la femme blanche
Allonsanfàn
1975 La pupa del gangster
Divina creatura
Per le antiche scale
La donna della domenica Globo d'Oro Award for Best Actor
1977 Mogliamante
Una giornata particolare Globo d'Oro Award for Best Actor
Grolla d'Oro for Best Actor
Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama
Doppio delitto
1978 Giallo napoletano
Ciao maschio
Così come sei
Blood Feud
1979 L'ingorgo – Una storia impossibile
1980 La terrazza
La città delle donne
1981 Fantasma d'amore
La pelle
1982 La Nuit de Varennes Phaedra Nominated – Nastro d'Argento for Best Actor
Oltre la porta
1983 Storia di Piera Sant Jordi Awards Best Performance in a Foreign Film
Il generale dell'armata morta
Gabriela, Cravo e Canela Nacib
1984 Enrico IV Globo d'Oro Award for Best Actor
1985 Le due vite di Mattia Pascal
Maccheroni Nominated – Nastro d'Argento for Best Actor
1986 Il volo
Ginger e Fred David di Donatello for Best Actor
Globo d'Oro Award for Best Actor
Nastro d'Argento for Best Actor
Sant Jordi Awards Best Performance in a Foreign Film
1987 Intervista
Miss Arizona
Oci ciornie Cannes Film Festival Award for Best Actor
David di Donatello for Best Actor
Nastro d'Argento for Best Actor
Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor
1989 Splendor Jordan
Che ora è? Marcello Venice Film FestivalVolpi Cup
Nominated – Nastro d'Argento for Best Actor
1990 Stanno tutti bene
Cin cin
Verso sera Globo d'Oro Award for Best Actor
Nastro d'Argento for Best Actor
Honorary Golden Lion
1991 To meteoro vima tou pelargou
Le voleur d'enfants
1992 Used People Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1993 Un, deux, trois, soleil Venice Film FestivalVolpi Cup for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
Di questo non si parla Ludovico D'Andrea
1994 Prêt-à-Porter National Board of Review Award for Best Acting by an Ensemble
The True Life of Antonio H.
1995 Les cent et une nuits de Simon Cinéma
Al di là delle nuvole
Sostiene Pereira David di Donatello for Best Actor
Nominated – Nastro d'Argento for Best Actor
1996 Trois vies et une seule mort Silver Wave
1997 Viagem ao Princípio do Mundo Manoel Final film, released posthumously

References

  1. ^ Rothe, Anne; Maxine Block; Charles Moritz; Marjorie Dent Candee (1958). Current Biography Yearbook. Hw Wilson Co. p. 261. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Castro, Peter (13 January 1997). "Lover and Legend". People magazine. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 
  3. ^ "Marcello Mastroianni, known as 'Latin Lover,' dies". CNN. 19 December 1996. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 
  4. ^ a b "Actor dies at age 72". The News (Boca Raton, Florida). Associated Press. 20 December 1996. p. 4A. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 
  5. ^ Wiegand, Christopher. Federico Fellini: ringmaster of dreams, 1920–1993. p. 83. ISBN 978-3-8228-1590-8. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Family Feud". The Southeast Missourian. 30 August 1997. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "Marcello Mastroianni >> Awards". Variety. Retrieved 1 January 2010. dead link
  8. ^ a b c IMdB

External links


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