Makapili (Makabayan Katipunan Ñg Mg̃a Pilipino or Alliance of Philippine Patriots) was a militant group formed in the Philippines during World War II to give military aid to Japan.1 Organised by Benigno Ramos and Artemio Ricarte, they were born out of José P. Laurel's refusal to conscript Filipinos for Japan.2 The Japanese decreed that the group should be founded in November 1944 when they brought together many of the supporters of the defunct Ganap Party.3 Like Ganap its main area of support was Metro Manila, although Makapili established chapters across the islands, attracting some support.4 Makapili members are best remembered by turning in Filipinos to the Japanese through pointing at insurgents with their heads covered with a bayong (Filipino basket).
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