Lerman at the Apple Store Soho in New York City, July 2013
|Born||Logan Wade Lerman
January 19, 1992 1
Beverly Hills, California, U.S.2
Logan Wade Lerman (born January 19, 1992) is an American actor, known for playing the title role in the fantasy-adventure Percy Jackson films. He appeared in commercials in the mid-1990s, before starring in the series Jack & Bobby (2004–2005) and the movies The Butterfly Effect (2004) and Hoot (2006). Lerman gained further recognition for his roles in the western 3:10 to Yuma, the thriller The Number 23, the comedy Meet Bill, and 2009's Gamer and My One and Only. He played d'Artagnan in 2011's The Three Musketeers, starred in the coming-of-age drama The Perks of Being a Wallflower (2012), and has supporting roles in the 2014 films Noah and Fury.
Family background and early life
Lerman was born in Beverly Hills, California. His mother, Lisa (née Goldman), works as his manager, and his father, Larry Lerman, is a businessman and orthotist.34 He has two siblings, Lindsey and Lucas, both older.56
Logan is Jewish, and had a Bar Mitzvah ceremony.789 His grandparents were born in four different countries. Logan's paternal grandfather, Max Lerman, was born in Berlin, Germany, in 1927, to a Polish Jewish family; they left Germany in the 1930s, because of the Nazi regime, and had lived in Shanghai, China until the end of World War II.1011 Logan's paternal grandmother, Mina (Schwartz), was born in Mexico City, Mexico, to Russian Jewish parents.1213 Logan's maternal grandfather was a Polish Jewish immigrant, and Logan's maternal grandmother was born in Los Angeles, also to a Jewish immigrant family.1011 On his mother's side, he is a relative, by marriage, of twin singers Evan and Jaron Lowenstein.1415
Lerman has stated that he is a "black sheep" in his household because he is an actor, while most of his relatives work in the medical profession.16 His family owns and operates the orthotics and prosthetics company Lerman & Son, which had been founded by his great-grandfather, Jacob Lerman, in 1915.417
Lerman is a self-described "film geek", and has said that he is "shaped by movies",1819 and that he is a "creative person".19 He has expressed an interest in being involved in "everything that goes into making a film", including wanting to write, produce, and direct.2021 His favorite directors include Paul Thomas Anderson, Stanley Kubrick, David Fincher and Peter Bogdanovich,21 and he has cited American Beauty, Defending Your Life and Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind as being among his favorite films.19 Lerman has described himself as "reserved and quiet", "a homebody",22 and "not a big fan of sports".23 He graduated from Beverly Hills High School.20 In 2010, he applied to study creative writing at New York University, but has postponed his attendance.2124
Lerman had a passion for movies from a young age, though he started acting "just for fun" and "to do something to get out of school".22 He began auditioning for roles in the late 1990s, and first appeared in commercials.2526 He made his film debut in 2000's The Patriot, playing William Martin, one of the children of Mel Gibson's character. The same year, he appeared in another Mel Gibson film, What Women Want, playing Gibson's character as a child. In 2001's Riding in Cars with Boys, he played the son of Drew Barrymore's character. Lerman has stated that while appearing in his earliest roles as a child, he did not have "any conscious awareness of what I was doing or what was going on"22 and "didn’t have a good experience".6
In 2003, Lerman played nine-year-old Luke Chandler in the CBS made-for-television film A Painted House, based on the early life of author John Grisham and set in Black Oak, Arkansas in the early 1950s. A Painted House was filmed in Lepanto and Clarksdale, Mississippi, in 2002.2728 A review in the Boston Globe described Lerman as a "promising newcomer",29 with the Telegraph-Herald commenting on the character having been "quietly and effectively played".30 For the role, he was nominated for the Young Artist Award for Best Performance by a Leading Young Actor in a television production, and tied with Calum Worthy for the win.31 He next appeared in the 2004 thriller film The Butterfly Effect, portraying a seven year-old version of Ashton Kutcher's character, Evan Treborn.32 digitallyOBSESSED's reviewer described Lerman as "definitely a child actor to watch".33
Lerman had quit acting for a "year or so" in the early 2000s, when he was ten.6 He made a "conscious decision" to embrace acting as a profession when he was twelve, having developed an interest in the film making process.22 In 2004, he was cast in the television series Jack & Bobby, playing one of the title roles, Robert "Bobby" McCallister, a 12-year-old "extremely bright social misfit"34 in Missouri who was destined to become President of the United States as an adult. The show ran on The WB Television Network during the 2004–2005 season, receiving some positive reviews but low ratings,3536 and was subsequently canceled. Lerman was nominated for another Young Artist Award for his performance, tying with Jack DeSena for the win.3738 Lerman has stated that he "started taking things seriously" about his career after appearing on the show.39 The Boston Herald 's reviewer mentioned that Lerman's performance had a "blend of vulnerability and strength,"40 while Entertainment Weekly's reviewer had noted that "Lerman lends Bobby a bedraggled optimism".41
Continuing his film work, Lerman had his first starring role in a motion picture, playing Roy Eberhardt in the children's adventure Hoot; his character moves to Florida from Montana and attempts to save endangered burrowing owls. Lerman stated that the film's message is "that you can be any age and make a difference".37 Hoot began filming in July 2005 in South Florida, opened on May 5, 2006, and won him a third Young Artist Award, this time for Best Performance in a Feature Film - Leading Young Actor (2007).42 The Washington Post's reviewer commented that "Lerman shows some life as Roy", though his role was "an anomaly in a sea of insipidity",43 while the San Francisco Chronicle's reviewer disliked Lerman's performance.44
In 2007, Lerman appeared in the thriller The Number 23, in which he played the son of Robin Sparrow (Jim Carrey), a man who becomes obsessed with conspiracy theories. That year, he also appeared in the critically acclaimed western remake 3:10 to Yuma, playing William Evans, a teenager who looks up to criminal Ben Wade (Russell Crowe) while shunning his father (Christian Bale's character); Lerman's character did not exist in the original version of the story. Lerman received positive reviews for his work,45 and was again nominated for the Young Artist Award - Best Performance in a Feature Film - Leading Young Actor (2008). It was the second consecutive year he received a nomination in that category, although this time he did not win.4647 USA Today stated that he was among the film's "best supporting players",48 while Rolling Stone gave Lerman a "shout-out"49 and Newsday stated that he delivers a "credibly explicit note".50
In 2008, Lerman co-starred in the comedy Meet Bill, as a teenager mentored by Bill (Aaron Eckhart). Meet Bill was filmed in 2006, premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival in 2007, and received a theatrical release on April 4, 2008. Hollywood.com stated that, though the film was uneven, Lerman "displays a supreme confidence".51 In 2009, he appeared in the science fiction film Gamer, as Simon, a teenage gamer who controls one of the characters in a video game played with live human subjects52 (Gamer was filmed in November 2007). Also that year, Lerman had a leading role in the Renée Zellweger comedy feature My One and Only, playing a teenage character based on actor George Hamilton – depicted as an aspiring writer who, after his parents split, accompanies his mother and brother on a cross-country trip, eventually arriving in Hollywood.1953 Bloomberg's reviewer described Lerman as appealing,54 with the Los Angeles Times' Betsy Sharkey stating that the character "captures the ease with which an angry teen will use a growing vocabulary to wound a parent".55
In spring 2009, Lerman was cast in the lead role as Percy Jackson in Percy Jackson & the Olympians: The Lightning Thief.56 The movie was filmed in 2009 in Vancouver, British Columbia, and was released in February 2010. Lerman has stated that he was not familiar with the book series when he received the script.18 During his teenage years, Lerman and his family had viewed his acting work as just a "hobby" before college; his parents had only become more comfortable with acting as a career in 2010, the year of Percy Jackson's release.6 In August 2010, Lerman appeared in "Change the Odds", a public service announcement video for the Stand Up to Cancer charity; the video also featured Dakota Fanning, Zac Efron, Andrew Garfield and other actors.57
Lerman's next role was d'Artagnan, in director Paul W. S. Anderson's 3D film version of The Three Musketeers, which was released in the U.S. on October 21, 2011.58 Lerman was cast in the role without having to audition.59 He took the part because The Three Musketeers was one of the only books his paternal grandfather had taken with him when he "had to leave his home... as a young kid", in the 1930s.60 Lerman trained in sword fighting for three months and wore hair extensions to portray d'Artagnan, whom he has described as "the most different character to me that I've ever played".2261 The film received negative reviews, with Michael Phillips of the Chicago Tribune writing that "Lerman already has done solid work... but he's a blank slate here".6263
Lerman starred in a film adaptation of Stephen Chbosky's novel The Perks of Being a Wallflower, playing the lead role, Charlie; filming took place in 2011, and the movie was released in September 2012.64 Lerman has described the film as a "life epic", and stated that he had been "torturing [himself] for... a few months in order to get inside Charlie's head".22 The movie received positive reviews, as did Lerman's performance. Leonard Maltin wrote that Lerman and his co-stars are "soulful", and "lift this film above the norm for coming-of-age stories",6566 while Christy Lemire of the Associated Press wrote that, by the film's end, Lerman "bust[s] out, show[s] some range and reveal[s] he can really, truly act".66 For his performance, Lerman was nominated for several awards, including Best Young Actor/Actress by the Broadcast Film Critics Association, and won a Teen Choice Award for Choice Movie Actor: Drama.67
Lerman played Lou in the independent drama film Stuck in Love, starring alongside Lily Collins; the film received a limited U.S. release in 2013.6869 Lerman had initially been signed to appear in three Percy Jackson films.1870 The second film in the series, subtitled Sea of Monsters, was filmed in 2012 and 2013, and released in August 2013.7172
Lerman played Ham, the son of prophet Noah, in the Biblical epic Noah, directed by Darren Aronofsky.73 Filming took place in 2012, in New York and Iceland, and Noah was released on March 28, 2014, to positive reviews.7475 Lerman next co-starred with Brad Pitt and Shia LaBeouf in David Ayer's World War II-set film, Fury; in the film, Lerman's character is an American soldier fighting Nazi forces.76 Filming began in September 2013, and the movie received an October 2014 release.7778 Reviews for Fury were positive;79 Matt Stieb of the San Antonio Current wrote that Lerman "manages to hold his own" opposite Pitt,80 and Lerman's performance was described as a "great turn" by Oliver Lyttelton of Indiewire.81
Lerman is a friend of actor Dean Collins,83 who played his best friend on Jack & Bobby; they remained close after the series' cancellation, and worked together again on Hoot, where Collins had a supporting role. In their spare time, the two collaborated on comedic short films. As well as acting, they wrote, directed, and shot the videos, often enlisting the help of family and friends. The shorts were uploaded to YouTube under the joint account name of "monkeynuts1069".84
In 2006, Dean Collins and Lerman formed a band, Indigo, along with musician Daniel Pashman; Collins sang lead vocals, Lerman played keyboard and guitar, and Pashman played the drums.4 In 2011, Lerman stated that Indigo is "not a serious band right now",85 and that music is his biggest passion after film.6 He plays the piano39 and is a fan of movie music compositions.22 Lerman also writes and creates loglines for stories.6
- Staff (January 19, 2006). "BIRTHDAYS". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved December 11, 2012.
- "Rising Actors Under 25: Logan Lerman". CW Detroit. July 24, 2012. Retrieved December 11, 2012.
- "Jack & Bobby's Matt Long & Logan Lerman". People. October 25, 2004. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- "Logan Lerman interview: Ich Bin Schwarz Schaf der Familie (I am the Black Sheep of the Family)". Bravo magazine (Bauer Media Group): 24–25. 2010.
- "Logan facts". LoganLerman.com. 2004. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- Singer, Oliver; M. Berlian (October 4, 2011). "Logan Lerman DA MAN Exclusive Fashion Spread". DA MAN Magazine. Retrieved October 5, 2011.
- Ran, Tomer (February 18, 2010). "We met with the cast of 'Percy Jackson and the Lightning Thief' in London and we have one clear conclusion. Logan Lerman IN, OUT Daniel Radcliffe" (in Hebrew). Maariv News for Youth. Retrieved April 16, 2010. "לרמן בא מבית יהודי טוב. הוריו עוסקים בתחום הרפואה ("Lerman comes from a good Jewish family. His parents are in medicine...")" partially translated into English at this link
- "Logan Lerman". Glamour. 2011. Retrieved October 5, 2011. "Logan Wade Lerman is a California-born actor and teen heart-throb. Raised in a large Jewish family in Beverly Hills ..."
- Bloom, Nate (October 14, 2014). "At the Movies: Opening Friday October 17". The American Israelite. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
- Bloom, Nate (October 18, 2011). "Jews in the Newz: Lerman Stars". The American Israelite. Retrieved October 28, 2011.
- "Logan Lerman family history". Celebs. 2013. Retrieved September 24, 2013.
- Solórzano, Enrique (August 10, 2013). "Alistan la nueva aventura de Percy Jackson". Diario de México. Retrieved September 24, 2013.
- "Logan Lerman, espera tercera parte de 'Percy Jackson'". Esmas. August 8, 2013. Retrieved September 24, 2013.
- "Biography for Logan Lerman". D Biography. 2013. Retrieved August 2, 2013.
- His maternal grandmother's father was president of the B'nai B'rith lodge in Los Feliz, California; "Obituaries". Los Angeles Times. January 10, 1960. pp. A12. Retrieved December 31, 2010.
- Chen, Eva (January 4, 2010). "Hero worship". Teen Vogue: 88. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- "Lerman & Son: About". Lerman & Son Orthotics & Prosthetics. 2009. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- Cooney, Jenny (2010). "Logan Lerman Percy Jackson and the Lightning Thief Interview". Girl.com.au. Retrieved April 19, 2010.
- Rozemeyer, Karl (August 21, 2009). "Exclusive: Logan Lerman Talks 'My One and Only' and 'Gamer'". Cinemaspy.com. Retrieved June 6, 2010.
- Abrams, Rachel (October 15, 2010). "Logan Lerman: Newest Musketeer learns along way". Variety. Retrieved December 31, 2010.
- Priggé, Steven (February 12, 2010). "An Interview with Logan Lerman of "Percy Jackson & the Olympians"". BlackBook. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- "Logan Lerman". RTÉ Ten. September 20, 2011. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- "Logan Lerman Twitter Takeover". Glamour. October 5, 2011. Retrieved October 5, 2011.
- Cohn, Alison S. (October 2010). "Logan Lerman". Teen Vogue (Gina Sanders). Retrieved September 7, 2010.
- Minzesheimer, Ben (February 15, 2010). "Lightning could strike for 'Percy' and star Logan Lerman". USA Today. Retrieved March 12, 2010.
- Beck, Ken (April 26, 2003). "Beverly Hills boy soaks up Arkansas in 'Painted House'". The Tennessean. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- Conroy, Tom (April 27, 2003). "FOR YOUNG VIEWERS; A Land of Cotton, Not Soon Forgotten". The New York Times. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- Winkle, Buddy (November 15, 2002). "On location in Lepanto". The Daily Dunklin Democrat. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- Gilbert, Matthew (April 26, 2003). "Hallmark fills this 'House' with nostalgia". Boston Globe. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- Martin, John (April 27, 2003). "'Painted House' lacks Grisham's intensity". The Telegraph-Herald. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- "2003". Young Artist Awards. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- Thompson, Lynn Y. (May 4, 2006). "Welcome to Hooters". Dallas Observer. Retrieved April 24, 2010.
- Rosado, Jeff (July 14, 2004). "The Butterfly Effect (2004)". digitallyOBSESSED. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- Thompson, Kevin D. (September 12, 2004). "'Jack & Bobby' is AOK (but not about JFK)". Palm Beach Post. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- "Fighting for survival ; Despite critical raves, series' ratings remain low". Chicago Tribune. Associated Press. February 23, 2005. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- "Help save these 5 programs from fading to black". Daily Journal. April 19, 2005. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- Barker, Lynn (May 2, 2006). "Brie, Logan and Cody Give a "Hoot!"". Teen Hollywood. Retrieved April 24, 2010.
- "2004". Young Artist Awards. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- Ordoña, Michael (August 20, 2009). "The Performance: Logan Lerman". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 20, 2009.
- Kincai, Linda D. (September 10, 2004). "TELEVISION REVIEW; SO NOT THE KENNEDYS; WB's `Jack & Bobby' tracks a president in the making". Boston Herald. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- Flynn, Gillian (September 17, 2004). "TV REVIEW: Jack & Bobby (2004)". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- "2007". Young Artist Awards. March 2007. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- Thomson, Desson (May 5, 2006). "Eco-Friendly 'Hoot' Is for the Birds". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- Stein, Ruthe (May 5, 2006). "Kids unite to save owls before a pancake house flattens them". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- "The newest pretty boy hero in town: Percy Jackson". Manila Bulletin Publication Corporation. February 9, 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2010.
- "2008". Young Artist Awards. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- "SAG Nominees". TV Guide. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- Puig, Claudia (September 7, 2007). "Get on board the '3:10 to Yuma' with Crowe, Bale". USA Today. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- Travers, Peter (September 19, 2007). "3:10 to Yuma". Rolling Stone. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- Stuart, Jan (December 30, 2007). "The Best of 2007 - Movies: The heartbreak kids God bless the child actors who gave mature and touching performances all year long". Newsday. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- Hammond, Pete (May 9, 2010). "Meet Bill Movie Review". Hollywood.com. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- McDonagh, Maitland (September 4, 2009). "Gamer Review – Young Enough to Drool Over Cybertarts? Old Enough for Self-Loathing?". Filmcritic.com. Retrieved January 10, 2011.
- Kit, Borys (June 2, 2008). "Logan Lerman to play George Hamilton". The Hollywood Reporter, Back Stage. Retrieved October 24, 2010.
- Hickley, Catherine (February 12, 2009). "Zellweger Seeks Husband, Posey Buys $2,800 Boots: Berlin Film - …". Bloomberg. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- Sharkey, Betsy (August 21, 2009). "My One and Only". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- Siegel, Tatiana (March 2, 2009). "'Percy Jackson' finds lead actors". Variety. Archived from the original on May 15, 2009. Retrieved May 15, 2009.
- "Young Hollywood Bands Together To Stand Up To Cancer". PR Newswire. August 3, 2010. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
- Kit, Borys; Zorianna Kit (May 10, 2010). "'Three Musketeers' cast: Lerman, Waltz, Jovovich ... and Bloom?". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 11, 2010.
- Ditzian, Eric (June 9, 2010). "'Three Musketeers' To Shoot With James Cameron's 3-D Cameras, Star Logan Lerman Says". MTV Movies Blog. Retrieved June 17, 2010.
- Wasser, Alexi (November 5, 2011). "Oyster #95: Logan Lerman". Oyster Magazine. Retrieved September 24, 2013.
- Luoma, Sarah (August 29, 2010). "The Three Musketeers Movie Photos". Right Cinema. Retrieved January 10, 2011.
- Phillips, Michael (October 20, 2011). "This 'Three Musketeers' is not one for all -- at all". Albany Times Union. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- Ryan, Tim (October 20, 2011). "Critics Consensus: Paranormal Activity 3 is Certified Fresh". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- Emmers, Becky (May 9, 2011). "Movie Begins Filming in Upper St. Clair". Upper St. Clair Patch. Retrieved May 9, 2011.
- "The Perks of Being a Wallflower". Rotten Tomatoes. 2012. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
- Maltin, Leonard (September 21, 2012). "The Perks Of Being A Wallflower". IndieWire. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
- McClatchy Newspapers (December 11, 2012). "’Lincoln’ scores a record-breaking 13 Critics’ Choice nominations". The-Leader.com. Retrieved December 11, 2012.
- Foss, Cassie (March 12, 2012). "‘Writers' kicks off filming with Kinnear, other cast members". StarNewsOnline.com. Retrieved March 12, 2012.
- Foss, Cassie (May 22, 2013). ""Stuck in Love" moves to July". StarNewsOnline.com. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
- Spelling, Ian (February 12, 2010). "Exclusive Interview: Logan Lerman (Percy Jackson & the Olympians)". Popstar. Retrieved April 16, 2010.
- Goodwin, Liam (May 31, 2012). "Fox sets release dates for Dawn of the Planet of the Apes and X-Men sequel". Filmonic. Retrieved May 31, 2012.
- "Nathan Fillion is headed to Vancouver this spring for ‘Percy Jackson: Sea of Monsters’". On Location Vacations. March 17, 2012. Retrieved March 18, 2012.
|last1=in Authors list (help)
- Fleming, Mike (June 4, 2012). "Douglas Booth And Logan Lerman Board Boat For ‘Noah’". Deadline.com. Retrieved June 4, 2012.
- Sneider, Jeff (June 7, 2012). "Emma Watson called to 'Noah' role". Variety. Retrieved June 8, 2012.
- WSJ Staff (March 28, 2014). "‘Noah,’ ‘Sabotage,’ ‘Cesar Chavez’ and ‘Bad Words’ (Review Revue)". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
- Pearlman, Cindy (July 31, 2013). "Fans beg for ‘Percy,’ so Logan Lerman returns". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved August 2, 2013.
- Deadline (May 1, 2013). "Logan Lerman Enlists for Fury". ComingSoon.net. Retrieved May 1, 2013.
- Ehrich Dowd, Kathy (September 17, 2013). "Scott Eastwood Follows In His Father's Footsteps". People. Retrieved September 24, 2013.
- "Fury - Movie Reviews". Rotten Tomatoes. October 15, 2014. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
- Stieb, Matt (October 14, 2014). "After a Winning First Half, Fury Loses to Cliché". San Antonio Current. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
- Lyttelton, Oliver (October 14, 2014). "Oscar Buzz: Who's Looking Good In The Best Supporting Actor Race?". Indiewire. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
- Fleming, Mike (January 14, 2011). "CAA Signs Kami Putnam-Heist Clients Joe Manganiello And Logan Lerman". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 14, 2011.
- Collins, Dean (February 28, 2007). "Take This Job and Bleep It". TV Guide. Retrieved June 6, 2010.
- "Logan Lerman". Teen Vogue (Gina Sanders): 190. 2007.
- Santamaria, Nante (2011). "d'Artagnan Romances". Status Magazine. Retrieved October 13, 2011.
- Barna, Ben (October 24, 2011). "Two for One: Logan Lerman & Ray Stevenson of ‘The Three Musketeers’". BlackBook. Retrieved October 28, 2011.
- "37th Annual Saturn Award Nominations". SciFi Mania. February 25, 2011. Retrieved October 13, 2011.
- Swift, Andy (May 18, 2012). "‘Vampire Diaries’ Leads Teen Choice Awards With 6 Nominations". Hollywood Life. Retrieved May 18, 2012.
- Wilkinson, Amy (March 6, 2013). "Emma Watson's Movie Awards 'Perks'? Three Nominations!". MTV. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- "Teen Choice Awards Nominees 2013 Announced". Huffington Post. May 22, 2013. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
- Deming, Mark (July 16, 2013). "‘The Heat’ Leaves ‘Iron Man 3′ out in the Cold in Teen Choice Awards Nominations". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved August 2, 2013.
- Official website
- Logan Lerman at the Internet Movie Database
- Monkeynuts1069's channel on YouTube
- Logan Lerman on Twitter
Content from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia
What Is This Site? The Ultimate Study Guide is a mirror of English Wikipedia. It exists in order to provide Wikipedia content to those who are unable to access the main Wikipedia site due to draconian government, employer, or school restrictions. The site displays all the text content from Wikipedia. Our sponsors generously cover part of the cost of hosting this site, and their ads are shown as part of this agreement. We regret that we are unable to display certain controversial images on some pages the site at the request of the sponsors. If you need to see images which we are unable to show, we encourage you to view Wikipedia directly if possible, and apologize for this inconvenience.
A product of XPR Content Systems. 47 Union St #9K, Grand Falls-Windsor NL A2A 2C9 CANADA