Lloyd's building from Leadenhall Street
|Location||1, Lime Street
City of London
|Opening||18 November 1986|
|Cost||GB£75,000,000 (approx. $107,876,055.44 USD)|
|Antenna spire||95.1 m (312 ft)|
|Roof||88 m (289 ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Designations||Grade I listed|
The Lloyd's building (sometimes referred to as the Inside-Out Building)1 is the home of the insurance institution Lloyd's of London, and is located at 1, Lime Street, in the City of London, England. It is a leading example of radical Bowellism architecture in which the services for the building, such as ducts and lifts, are located on the exterior to maximise space in the interior.
Only 25 years after completion, the building received Grade I listing in December 2011; it was the youngest building ever to obtain this. It is said by English Heritage to be "universally recognised as one of the key buildings of the modern epoch."2
The first Lloyd's building (at 12 Leadenhall Street in the City of London) had been built on this site in 1928. In 1958, due to expansion, a new building was constructed across the road at 51 Lime Street. Lloyd's now occupied the Heysham Building and the Cooper Building. By the 1970s Lloyd's had again outgrown these two buildings and proposed to extend the Cooper Building. In 1978, Lloyd's ran an architectural competition which attracted designs from architecture practices such as Foster Associates, Arup and American architect I.M. Pei.3 Lloyd's then commissioned Richard Rogers to redevelop the site, and the original 1928 building was demolished to make way for the present one which was opened by Queen Elizabeth II in 1986. However, its entrance at 12 Leadenhall Street was preserved, and forms a rather incongruous attachment to the 1986 structure. Demolition of the 1958 building commenced in 2004 to make way for the Willis Building, a new 26-storey tower and ten-storey building.
The building was designed by architect Richard Rogers and built between 1978 and 1986. Bovis was the management contractor.4 Like the Pompidou Centre in Paris (designed by Renzo Piano and Rogers), the building was innovative in having its services such as staircases, lifts, electrical power conduits and water pipes on the outside, leaving an uncluttered space inside. The twelve glass lifts were the first of their kind in the UK. Like the Pompidou Centre, the building was highly influenced by the work of Archigram in the 1950s and 1960s.
The building consists of three main towers and three service towers around a central, rectangular space. Its core is the large Underwriting Room on the ground floor, which houses the famous Lutine Bell. The Underwriting Room (often simply known as "the Room") is overlooked by galleries, forming a 60 metres (197 ft) high atrium lit naturally through a huge barrel-vaulted glass roof. The first four galleries open onto the atrium space, and are connected by escalators through the middle of the structure. The higher floors are glassed in, and can only be reached via the outside lifts.
The 11th floor houses the Committee Room, an 18th-century dining room designed for the 2nd Earl of Shelburne by Robert Adam in 1763; it was transferred piece by piece from the previous (1958) Lloyd's building across the road.
The Lloyd's building is 88 metres (289 ft) to the roof, with 14 floors.5 On top of each service core stand the cleaning cranes, increasing the overall height to 95.10 metres (312 ft). Modular in plan, each floor can be altered by addition or removal of partitions and walls.
It is seen on the cover of British pop group Five Star's 1986 album Silk and Steel, Hundred Reasons debut album Ideas Above Our Station and the 2001 reissue of British electronic musician Mike Paradinas' 1993 album Tango n' Vectif, under the alias µ-ziq.
- Climbing Great Buildings (2010)
- Burn Up (2008) TV series
- Ashes to Ashes (2008) pilot episode.
- Mamma Mia! (2008) 9
- The Outer Limits 1998 episode, "The Joining"
- A Good Year (2006)
- Code 46 (2003)
- Spy Game (2001)
- Proof of Life (2000)
- The Ghost Writer (film), in a clip about the Hatherton Group
- Fred Dibnah's Magnificent Monuments (2000) TV series
- Entrapment (1999)
- The Avengers (1998)
- Different for Girls (1996)
- Hackers (1995)
- Incredible Games (1994) TV gameshow (the roof section was used for the credits of the CBBC show)10
- High Hopes (1988)
- Search Out Science "Search Out Space" (1990)11
Lloyd's building among the City skyline
Lloyd's is flanked by the Willis Building on the opposite side of Lime Street
The Lutine Bell is housed in the rostrum
- Willis Building, opposite at 51 Lime Street, on the site of a former Lloyd's building
- 30 St Mary Axe - Norman Foster's gherkin-shaped skyscraper nearby
- 122 Leadenhall Street - a skyscraper under construction opposite on the northern side of Leadenhall Street
- 52-54 Lime Street - a skyscraper proposed for construction opposite
- List of tallest buildings and structures in London
- Lloyd's of London Homepage. Page accessed 20 May 2010.
- Waite, Richard (19 December 2011). "Rogers' Lloyd's becomes youngest Grade-I listed building". Architects Journal. Retrieved 2013-02-07.
- "English Heritage Listing Information". English Heritage. 19 December 2011. p. 2. Retrieved 2013-02-06.
- Richard Rogers Partnership
- Thompson, Max (24 January 2008). "Call for 'urgent' Grade-I listing of Lloyd's building". The Architects' Journal .
- Lloyd’s Building Gets Grade I Listed Status
- New York Times, Page accessed 9 October 2006
- Lloyds building masquerades as a New York office, from where Pierce Brosnan's character leaves at the beginning of the film for the Greek island. Yellow cabs and an actor representing a New York mounted policeman were used for authenticity.
- CBBC: Incredible Games (1994/1995) on YouTube
- K-9 rolls about the building, examining different coloured Smarties candies that represent stars at various points in their life cycles, while being cheered on by Ace and challenged by the Seventh Doctor.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Lloyd's building|
- Galinsky: Lloyd's building
- Lloyd's official website
- 0lll Architecture Gallery: Lloyd's building (images)
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