Laureano de Torres y Ayala
|Laureano de Torres y Ayala|
|30º Governor of La Florida|
|Preceded by||Diego de Quiroga y Losado|
|Succeeded by||José de Zúñiga y la Cerda|
|42º Governor of Cuba|
18 January 1707/1708 – 18 February 1711
|Preceded by||Pedro Álvarez de Villarín|
|Succeeded by||Vicente de Raja|
|Spouse(s)||Catalina Gertrudis Bayona y Chacón|
|Profession||soldier and governor|
Laureano José de Torres Ayala a Duadros Castellanos was born in Havana, Cuba, in 1645, but he grew up in Madrid, Spain, where he settled with his parents when he was small. Ayala came from a noble family. He was the son of Tomás de Torres y Ayala and Elvira de Quadros Castellanos. His father was jury in Seville in 1649, regular mayor and governor and Captain General of Mérida and the La Grita in Venezuela. His brothers were: Pedro Ignacio, Cristóbal and Diego Torres Ayala y Quadros. In his youth he joined the Spanish army. Later, in 1693, Ayala was appointed governor of Spanish Florida, replacing Diego de Losada y Quiroga. He held this post until 1699, when he returned to Spain. From 1704 and 1707, Ayala participated in the War of the Spanish Succession in Europe. On January 18, 1708, Ayala was appointed governor general of Cuba. However, he could only maintain this position until February 18, 1711, because to that its auditor Jose Fernandez de Cordoba, imprisoned him in the fortress of El Morro, on the same island, sending King Philip V an indictment of corruption against the governor. However, two years later, he was acquitted and on February 14, 1713, Ayala was reappointed to the same office. In this new period, he founded the city of Santiago del Bejucal, snuff industry acquired a great development and the plant begins to be widely cultivated in the district,"Vuelta Abajo". On June 9, 1714, Laureano de Torres y Ayala promoted the construction of a hospital for lepers, which was established in the city of Havana. After collecting large donations, he began construction of the Hospital de San Lazaro and its temple in a plot located near that city. Ayala also founded other charities. 1
Laureano de Torres y Ayala married the Cuban Catalina Gertrudis Bayona y Chacón on August 5, 1687 in Havana. 2 He had three children: Tomasa María, Laureano Antonio José, and Sor Manuela de San Laureano.1
- Francesca Hampton (2000). "Newspaper. De Cuba Genealogy Club of Miami. Del Pasado - Por el Conde San Juan de Jaruco. El Hospital de San Lázaro, de La Habana". Retrieved March 23, 1947.
- Vicente de Cádenas y Vicent (1994). "Caballeros de la orden de santiago. siglo XVIII.". Hidalguia, Madrid. Retrieved May, 2010.
- http://aguadadepasajeros.bravepages.com/cubahistoria/gobernadores_de_cuba.htm - Governor of Cuba, (in Spanish)
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