Great Bend, Kansas
|Great Bend, Kansas|
Downtown Great Bend
Location within Barton County (top) and Kansas (bottom)
|• Total||10.71 sq mi (27.74 km2)|
|• Land||10.60 sq mi (27.45 km2)|
|• Water||0.11 sq mi (0.28 km2)|
|Elevation||1,850 ft (564 m)|
|• Estimate (20123)||15,923|
|• Density||1,500/sq mi (580/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|FIPS code||20-28300 2|
|GNIS feature ID||0475650 4|
Great Bend is a city in and the county seat of Barton County, Kansas, United States.5 It is named for its location at the point where the course of the Arkansas River bends east then southeast.6 As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 15,995.7
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Government
- 6 Education
- 7 Infrastructure
- 8 Media
- 9 Culture
- 10 Notable people
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 Further reading
- 14 External links
Prior to American settlement of the area, the site of Great Bend was located in the northern reaches of Kiowa territory.8 Claimed first by France as part of Louisiana and later acquired by the United States with the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, it laid within the area organized by the U.S. as Kansas Territory in 1854.910 Kansas became a state in 1861, and the state government delineated the surrounding area as Barton County in 1867.1011
The first settlers of the area arrived in 1870. Living in sod houses and dugouts, they worked as buffalo hunters since trampling by bison herds precluded crop farming.12 In 1871, the Great Bend Town Company, anticipating the westward construction of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad, founded Great Bend at a site roughly three miles west of Fort Zarah on the Santa Fe Trail.1213 They named the settlement after its location at the "great bend" in the Arkansas River where the river’s course turns eastward.6 The town began to grow as more settlers arrived over the following year and opened several businesses. The railroad reached Great Bend in July 1872, and an election at about the same time declared the town the permanent county seat.11 Great Bend was incorporated as a city soon thereafter. The county courthouse and the city’s first public school were built the following year.13
In 1873, following the arrival of the railroad, Great Bend became a shipping point for cattle.13 This stimulated local business but also transformed the city into a rowdy, violent cowtown.12 In 1876, the Kansas Legislature extended the legal "dead line" restricting the presence of Texas cattle 30 miles west of Barton County. The cattle trade moved westward accordingly, and the city became more peaceful.13
Over the following decades, Great Bend continued to grow and modernize, becoming a center of area commerce. This was despite two disasters which struck the city: a downtown fire in 1878 and a smallpox outbreak in 1882 which resulted in a brief quarantine.13 In 1886, local speculators began to fund exploration for petroleum in the area. By 1930, the oil and gas industry brought more than $20 million annually to the county.14 More than 3,000 wells produced during the 1930s, and the influx of workers dramatically increased the city’s population.12
The U.S. Army Air Forces opened Great Bend Army Airfield west of the city in 1943. The base served as training facility for B-29 bomber aircraft personnel during World War II.15 After the war, the City of Great Bend acquired the base and repurposed it for civilian use as Great Bend Municipal Airport.16
The city continued to grow through the 1950s, its population peaking at almost 17,000 in 1960. In 1973, the Fuller Brush Company relocated its production facilities to Great Bend, becoming one of the city’s major employers. Despite a modest decline in population in recent decades, Great Bend continues to serve as a commercial center for central Kansas.12
Great Bend is located at 4 Located in central Kansas at the intersection of U.S. Route 281 and U.S. Route 56, Great Bend is 95 miles (153 km) northwest of Wichita, 235 miles (378 km) west-southwest of Kansas City, and 345 miles (555 km) east-southeast of Denver.1718(38.3644567, -98.7648073) at an elevation of 1,850 feet (564 m).
Lying in the Great Bend Sand Prairie region of the Great Plains, the city is situated on the north side of the Arkansas River where the river's course shifts from northeast to southeast.1920 Dry Walnut Creek, a tributary of nearby Walnut Creek, flows east along the northern edge of the city.21 Cheyenne Bottoms, a large inland wetland, is located approximately 6 miles (9.7 km) to the northeast.22
Located near the convergence of North America's humid continental (Köppen Dfa), humid subtropical (Köppen Cfa), and semi-arid (Köppen BSk) climate zones, Great Bend experiences hot summers and cold, dry winters.23 On average, January is the coldest month, July the hottest and May is the wettest. The hottest temperature recorded in Great Bend was 111 °F (44 °C) in 1980; the coldest temperature recorded was -21 °F (-29 °C) in 1989.24
The average temperature is 57 °F (14 °C).25 Over the course of a year, temperatures range from an average low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to an average high of 94 °F (34 °C) in July.24 The high temperature reaches or exceeds 90 °F (32 °C) an average of 70 days a year and reaches or exceeds 100 °F (38 °C) an average of 13 days a year. The minimum temperature falls below the freezing point 32 °F (0 °C) an average of 112 days a year. The first fall freeze typically takes place by the third week of October, and the last spring freeze by the second week of April.25
Great Bend receives 27 inches (690 mm) of precipitation during an average year, and there are, on average, 71 days of measurable precipitation each year.2425 The average relative humidity is 67%.26 Annual snowfall averages 17 inches (43 cm). Measurable snowfall occurs an average of seven days a year with at least an inch of snow being received on six of those days. Snow depth of at least an inch occurs an average of 23 days a year.25
|Climate data for Great Bend, Kansas|
|Record high °F (°C)||79
|Average high °F (°C)||45
|Average low °F (°C)||21
|Record low °F (°C)||−17
|Precipitation inches (mm)||0.61
|Snowfall inches (cm)||4.9
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||3.1||4.1||6.2||6.8||8.8||8.2||7.3||7.4||6.0||5.7||3.9||3.8||71.3|
|Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||1.9||1.8||1.2||0.2||0||0||0||0||0||0||0.4||1.7||7.2|
|Source: National Weather Service;25 The Weather Channel24|
As of the 2010 census, there were 15,995 people, 6,483 households, and 4,038 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,509.0 inhabitants per square mile (582.6/km2). There were 7,113 housing units at an average density of 671.0 per square mile (259.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.0% White, 1.7% African American, 0.6% American Indian, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 11.0% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of any race were 19.8% of the population.7
There were 6,483 households of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.7% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.04.7
The median age in the city was 36.7 years. 26.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.5% were from 25 to 44; 24.5% were from 45 to 64; and 16.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.7
As of 2010, the median income for a household was $42,293, and the median income for a family was $46.969. Males had a median income of $33,623 versus $25,038 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,529. About 10.2% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.7% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.7
Agriculture is the predominant industry in Great Bend, and its grain elevators are visible from miles away. The oil industry flourished from about 1930-1960. There was even an oil well in the city park. But this industry has been on the decline for years. Cattle raising is also an important source of income for many people.
As of 2012, 66.5% of the population over the age of 16 was in the labor force. 0.0% was in the armed forces, and 66.5% was in the civilian labor force with 61.0% employed and 5.5% unemployed. The composition, by occupation, of the employed civilian labor force was: 30.2% in management, business, science, and arts; 27.8% in sales and office occupations; 19.2% in service occupations; 9.6% in natural resources, construction, and maintenance; 13.3% in production, transportation, and material moving. The four industries employing the largest percentages of the working civilian labor force were: educational services, health care, and social assistance (27.3%); retail trade (11.9%); manufacturing (9.8%); and arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services (9.8%).7 Great Bend Public Schools, Barton Community College, and CPI Qualified Plan Consultants are the city's three largest employers. Other major employers include local government, local hospitals, Wal-Mart, Superior Essex, and Fuller Brush Company.27
The cost of living in Great Bend is relatively low; compared to a U.S. average of 100, the cost of living index for the city is 79.4.28 As of 2012, the median home value in the city was $78,300, the median selected monthly owner cost was $979 for housing units with a mortgage and $400 for those without, and the median gross rent was $539.7
Great Bend is a city of the second class with a mayor-council form of government.29 The city council consists of eight members, two elected from each city ward for two-year terms. The mayor is elected at-large, also for a two-year term. The mayor and city council together constitute the city's Governing Body which sets goals, establishes policies, and approves all ordinances and resolutions.30 The council meets on the first and third Monday of each month.29
As the county seat, Great Bend is the administrative center of Barton County. The county courthouse is located downtown, and most departments of the county government base their operations in the city.31
Great Bend lies within Kansas's 1st U.S. Congressional District. For the purposes of representation in the Kansas Legislature, the city is located in the 33rd district of the Kansas Senate and the 112th district of the Kansas House of Representatives.29
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Dodge City oversees one school in Great Bend, Holy Family School (Pre-K–6).33 There is also one non-denominational Christian school in the city, Central Kansas Christian Academy (K-8).34
Great Bend was located on the National Old Trails Road, also known as the Ocean-to-Ocean Highway, that was established in 1912.citation needed Currently, two U.S. Highways and two Kansas state highways pass through the city. U.S. Route 281 runs north-south through Great Bend, intersecting U.S. Route 56, K-96, and K-156 which run concurrently east-west through the city. K-96 splits from U.S. 56 and K-156 in western Great Bend, exiting the city to the northwest. U.S. 56 and K-156 continue concurrently west, then turn south and ultimately southwest.37
The city government's Public Works Department is responsible for water distribution, waste water treatment, and sewer maintenance. One of the few cities in the area not to have a water treatment plant or water tower, Great Bend obtains its water supply directly from ten wells located throughout the city.40 Waste water is treated and recycled at the city's Wastewater Treatment Facility and then emptied into the Arkansas River.41 Two regional energy cooperatives, Midwest Energy, Inc. and Wheatland Electric, provide electric power.42 Local residents primarily use natural gas for heating fuel; Midwest Energy and Kansas Gas Service both provide natural gas service.4228
There are two primary medical facilities in the city. Great Bend Regional Hospital, a 33-bed general medical and surgical facility, is the city's sole hospital.43 St. Rose Ambulatory & Surgery Center, formerly Central Kansas Medical Center, is an outpatient care facility affiliated with Catholic Health Initiatives.44
The Great Bend Tribune is the city's daily newspaper with a circulation of over 6,200 copies.45
Great Bend is a center of broadcast media for central Kansas.4647 Two AM and ten FM radio stations are licensed to and/or broadcast from the city.46 Two television stations, one NBC affiliate and one ABC affiliate, also broadcast from the city.47 Both are satellite stations of their respective affiliates in Wichita as Great Bend is part of the Wichita-Hutchinson, Kansas television market.4748
From 1947 to 1989, Great Bend was the home of the Argonne Rebels Drum and Bugle Corps. Under the direction of Glenn and Sandra Opie, the corps achieved national fame, most notably winning the American Legion national championships in 1971, 1972, and 1973.49 The Rebels were one of the thirteen founding member corps of Drum Corps International, finishing in 5th place in 1972 and 11th in 1973.50
The Barton County Historical Society Museum and Village is located in Great Bend.51
In November 1959, Perry Smith and Richard Hickock stopped for dinner in Great Bend on their 400-mile journey to Holcomb, Kansas, where they murdered the Clutter family. Author Truman Capote wrote In Cold Blood about the murder. In 1967, part of the movie, by the same name, was filmed in Great Bend.citation needed
In the 1993 novel, The Death and Life of Superman by Roger Stern, Jonathan and Martha Kent fly from the Metropolis airport to the Great Bend airport and proceed to drive to Smallville,53 which would put Smallville somewhere in central Kansas.
Great Bend was mentioned briefly in the 2006 CBS Drama Jericho
Notable individuals who were born in and/or have lived in Great Bend include:
- Karrin Allyson, jazz singer, pianist54
- Steve Gotsche, golfer55
- Damian Johnson, football player56
- John Keller, 1952 gold medal-winning U.S. Olympic basketball player57
- Jack Kilby, inventor, 2000 Nobel Prize laureate in physics58
- Oscar Micheaux, author, film director59
- Jerry Moran, U.S. Senator from Kansas60
- Roy Stryker, economist, photographer61
- Ted Welch, baseball player62
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. p. 145.
- "American FactFinder 2". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
- Sturtevant, William C. (1967). "Early Indian Tribes, Culture Areas, and Linguistic Stocks [Map]". Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2014-07-31.
- "Louisiana Purchase". Kansapedia. Kansas Historical Society. Aug 2012. Retrieved 2014-03-05.
- "Kansas Territory". Kansapedia. Mar 2013. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
- Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc.. Standard Publishing Company. p. 786.
- Weiser, Kathy. "Great Bend, Kansas – History and Information". Legends of Kansas. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
- Cutler, William G. (1883). "Barton County". History of the State of Kansas. Chicago: A. T. Andreas. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
- "History". Great Bend Convention & Visitors Bureau. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- "U.S. Army and Air Force Wings Over Kansas, Part One". Kansas Historical Quarterly (Kansas Historical Society) 25 (2): 129–157. Summer 1959. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- "Great Bend Municipal Airport – History". City of Great Bend. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- "2003-2004 Official Transportation Map". Kansas Department of Transportation. 2003. Retrieved 2011-05-23.
- "City Distance Tool". Geobytes. Retrieved 2011-05-23.
- "Ecoregions of Nebraska and Kansas". Environmental Protection Agency. 2001. Retrieved 2010-03-14.
- "Barton County, Kansas". Kansapedia. Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 2011-05-23.
- "General Highway Map - Barton County, Kansas". Kansas Department of Transportation. 2009-09-01. Retrieved 2011-05-23.
- Cheyenne Bottoms: Jewel of the Prairie - cheyennebottoms.net - Retrieved February 10, 2009
- Peel, M. C., Finlayson, B. L., and McMahon, T. A.: Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 1633-1644, doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007, 2007.
- "Average weather for Great Bend". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
- "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Weather Service Forecast Office - Wichita, KS. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
- "Historical Weather for Great Bend, Kansas, United States of America". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
- "Great Bend Area Manufacturers & Major Employers". Great Bend Chamber of Commerce & Economic Development. Retrieved 2014-07-31.
- "Great Bend, Kansas". City-Data.com. Retrieved 2014-07-31.
- "Great Bend". Directory of Kansas Public Officials. The League of Kansas Municipalities. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- "Governing Body". City of Great Bend. Retrieved 2010-02-15.
- "Offices/Departments". Barton County, Kansas. Retrieved 2012-02-25.
- "USD 428 Great Bend". USD 428 Great Bend Public Schools. Retrieved 2010-01-27.
- "Holy Family School". Roman Catholic Diocese of Dodge City. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- "Central Kansas Christian Academy". Central Kansas Christian Academy. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- "Programs of Study". Barton Community College. Retrieved 2010-01-27.
- "About Our Campuses". Barton Community College. Retrieved 2010-01-27.
- "City of Great Bend (Map)". Kansas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2011-11-22.
- "KGBD - Great Bend Municipal Airport". AirNav.com. Retrieved 2011-11-22.
- "Great Bend Municipal Airport - FAQs". City of Great Bend. Retrieved 2011-11-22.
- "Water Division". City of Great Bend. Retrieved 2011-11-22.
- "Wastewater Treatment Facility". City of Great Bend. Retrieved 2011-11-22.
- "Utilities". Great Bend Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2011-11-22.
- "Great Bend Regional Hospital". U.S. News Best Hospitals. U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved 2011-11-22.
- "CKMC Announces New Direction". St. Rose Ambulatory & Surgery Center. 2011-01-03. Retrieved 2011-11-22.
- "Great Bend Tribune". Mondo Times. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- "Radio Stations in Great Bend, Kansas". Radio-Locator. Retrieved 2011-05-23.
- "Stations for Hays, Kansas". RabbitEars.Info. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
- "Wichita-Hutchinson, Kansas TV market". EchoStar Knowledge Base. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- Barton County Historical Society Museum and Village
- History of the Greyhound and Greyhound Racing - The Greyhound Review, February 2006
- Stern, Roger. The Death and Life of Superman. Bantam Books: New York. 1993: 286.
- "Karrin Allyson Electronic Press Kit". AMS Artists. p. 3. Retrieved 2011-05-22.
- "Steve Gotsche Official Profile". PGA Tour. Retrieved 2012-02-25.
- "Damian Johnson". National Football League. Retrieved 2011-05-22.
- "John Keller". University of Kansas. Retrieved 2011-05-22.
- "TI People - Jack Kilby". Texas Instruments. Retrieved 2011-05-22.
- "NAACP History: Oscar Micheaux". National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Retrieved 2011-05-22.
- "Candidates - Jerry Moran". Election 2010 - AP Election Guide. National Public Radio. Retrieved 2011-05-22.
- "The Photographers: Roy Stryker". Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh. Retrieved 2011-05-22.
- "Ted Welch Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2011-05-22.
- History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
- Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook),(Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)
- The Story of the Marking of the Santa Fe Trail by the Daughters of the American Revolution in Kansas and the State of Kansas; Almira Cordry; Crane Co; 164 pages; 1915. (Download 4MB PDF eBook)
- The National Old Trails Road To Southern California, Part 1 (LA to KC); Automobile Club Of Southern California; 64 pages; 1916. (Download 6.8MB PDF eBook)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Great Bend, Kansas.|
- City of Great Bend
- Great Bend - Directory of Public Officials
- Great Bend Convention and Visitors Bureau
- Great Bend Chamber of Commerce
- Great Bend City Map, KDOT
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