Anuta

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Anuta (Anuda)
Nickname: Cherry Island
Anuta 169.85030E 11.61124S.png
NASA Satellite Image Geocover 2000
Geography
Location Pacific Ocean
Coordinates 11°36′39″S 169°51′01″E / 11.61083°S 169.85028°E / -11.61083; 169.85028
Archipelago Solomon Islands
Area 0.37 km2 (0.14 sq mi)
Length 0.876 km (0.5443 mi)
Width 0.576 km (0.3579 mi)
Highest elevation 65 m (213 ft)
Highest point unnamed
Country
Solomon Islands
Province Temotu
Largest city Mua village (pop. 200)
Demographics
Population 300
Density 811 /km2 (2,100 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Polynesians

Anuta is a small high island in the southeastern part of the Solomon Islands province of Temotu, one of the smallest permanently inhabited Polynesian islands.1 Anuta is often cited as a contrasting example to the environmental destruction found on Easter Island.2

Geography

Anuta is located in Pacific Ocean
Anuta
Anuta
Location of Anuta in the Pacific Ocean
Map of the Santa Cruz Islands (Solomon Islands).png

The island lies about 311 miles (501 km) to the east-southeast of Nendö. It is a small volcanic island with a fringing coral reef. The highest point on the island is 213 feet (65 m) above sea level. The island has a diameter of only about 820 yards (750 m).

History

Anuta was first mentioned in 1791, and the political and geographical circumstances lead to isolation of Anuta's population.3

According to oral traditions, Anuta was settled by voyagers from Tonga and 'Uvea about fifteen generations ago. The current social structure was established around ten generations ago, when the chief, Tearakura, his two brothers, and one brother-in-law, slew the remainder of the island's male population. These men, along with Tearakura's two sisters, were founders of the island's four kainanga, large descent groups that are sometimes described in English as 'clans'. Anglican missionaries arrived in 1916, and established a church, which plays an important part for Anutans, offering church services twice a day. During the 90s, Anuta's advisors rejected western medicines on the island, arguing that it would indicate a lack of faith in the church.3

In December 2002, the island was impacted by Cyclone Zoe.4

Society and culture

Anuta has a human population of about 300. This is one of the highest population densities in the world, perhaps equalling that of Bangladesh.5

The island has two systems for naming villages (noporanga, or "dwelling places"). In one system there are three villages called Mua, Muri, and St. John. Mua, meaning "front", is to the east. Muri, meaning "back" is west of Mua. After establishment of the Anglican church in 1916, a third village grew up to the west of Muri and took the name of the church, St. John. In the second system, Mua and Muri are combined under the name, Rotoapi, and contrasted with the new village which, in the second system, is called Vatiana. Anutans use the uninhabited island of Fatutaka, about 37 miles (60 km) to the southeast, as a place to hunt birds.

Language

Anutans speak a Polynesian Outlier language, which is also called Anuta (locally te taranga paka-Anuta).

Relationship with environment

An important value in Anutan society is aropa, which emphasizes collaboration, sharing and compassion for others. The concept of aropa encourages islanders to share their finite resources equitably.67 Because Anuta's high population density has not had a severely negative impact on the island's ecosystem, Anuta has attracted interest from scientists interested in sustainability. The BBC documentary series South Pacific devotes part of an episode to the ability of Anutans to maintain their island's bounty, contrasting it with the environmental destruction found on Easter Island.

The Anuta tribe takes care to fulfil their needs with respect to the environment, to preserve it. Which means that at certain times they do not catch certain fish or hunt animals.8

Social life

Like most of the other Polynesian islands, Anuta also has traditions of choral polyphonic singing. Free time is spent with dancing, singing and swimming.8

Research and media exposure

Anthropologist Raymond Firth visited Anuta for a day in 1952. Ethnobotanist Douglas Yen, along with archaeologists Patrick Kirch and Paul Rosendahl,910 spent about two months there in 1971, and anthropologist Richard Feinberg lived on Anuta for almost a year in 1972-73. He has remained in communication with the Anutan community from that time onward and has made several additional visits.

In January 2005 Italian documentarists Elisabetta (Lizzi) Eordegh and Carlo Auriemma sailed on board of the sailing boat "Barca Pulita" with a crew of four (including two doctors) and visited the island for one week.11 In 2006, Bruce Parry of the BBC visited for several weeks, during which he and his team filmed an episode of the TV show, Tribe.7 In 2008, another film team from the BBC made a brief visit, and in 2012 a team from the Seoul Broadcasting Service filmed a TV show there for a Korean audience.12

See also

Further reading

  • Feinberg, Richard. 1977. The Anutan Language Reconsidered: Lexicon and Grammar of a Polynesian Outlier. Two Volumes. HRAFlex Books. New Haven: Human Relations Area Files Press.
  • Feinberg, Richard. 1980. History and Structure: A Case of Polynesian Dualism. Journal of Anthropological Research 36(3):361–378.
  • Feinberg, Richard. 1988. Polynesian Seafaring and Navigation: Ocean Travel in Anutan Culture and Society. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press.
  • Feinberg, Richard. 1986. "The 'Anuta Problem': Local Sovereignty and National Integration in the Solomon Islands" Man 21(3):438–452.
  • Feinberg, Richard. 1998. Oral Traditions of Anuta: A Polynesian Outlier in the Solomon Islands Oxford Studies in Anthropological Linguistics, Volume 15. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Feinberg, Richard. 2012. Anuta: Polynesian Lifeways for the 21st Century. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press.
  • Firth, Raymond. 1954. Anuta and Tikopia: symbiotic elements in social organization Journal of Polynesian Society 63:87 131.
  • Yen, D. E. and Janet Gordon, eds. 1973. Anuta: A Polynesian Outlier in the Solomon Islands. Pacific Anthropological Records, Number 21. Honolulu: Bernice P. Bishop Museum Press.

References

  1. ^ Jared Diamond, Guns, Germs and Steel (Norton) 1997, p. 59.
  2. ^ BBC (2009). "Anuta vs Easter Island environment". 
  3. ^ a b BBC (March 2008). "The island of Anuta". 
  4. ^ "Devastated islands languish as cyclone relief stuck in port". The Sydney Morning Herald. 
  5. ^ "Anuta – An Island Governed By Love". BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 14 October 2009. 
  6. ^ See Feinberg 2012.
  7. ^ a b "BBC – Tribe – Anuta". Retrieved 7 June 2013. 
  8. ^ a b Stephenson, Carol; Bradley, Harriet (2009). Business in Society. p. 41. ISBN 9780745642321. 
  9. ^ Kirch, Patrick Vinton; Yen, D.E (1982), Tikopia; The Prehistory and Ecology of a Polynesian Outlier, Honolulu, Hawaii: Bishop Museum Press, ISBN 9780910240307 
  10. ^ Kirch, Patrick Vinton; D. Steadman and D. S. Pahlavan (1990), Extinction, biogeography, and human exploitation of birds on Anuta and Tikopia, Solomon Islands, Honolulu, Hawaii: Occasional Papers of the Bishop Museum 30:118-153 
  11. ^ "Barca Pulita - Anuta". Retrieved 10 February 2014. 
  12. ^ "Harmony thrives in Pacific isolation". From Our Own Correspondent (BBC). 26 July 2008. Archived from the original on 28 July 2008. Retrieved 8 August 2008. 

External links


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